Reading Progress
Reading Progress
View Libraries
View Libraries
Book Summaries
Book Summaries
Reading by Era
Reading by Era
Core Reading
Core Reading
Read Online
Read online

Christian Europe—Book Summaries

    France     Germany     Renassaince Italy     The Netherlands     Scandinavia
    The Crusades     Church History     Overall Europe

 
Colored stars indicate texts of special interest or importance.
Red Stars indicate comprehensive histories. Most study questions are based on these texts.
Gold Stars indicate recommended books of exceptional interest and quality.
Green Stars are assigned to high quality, but easy-to-read books for younger readers.
Black Stars indicate that only selected chapters pertain to the subject civilization.

Click on Title Link to add Book to Reading List.         Reading credits indicate book length.
 

France

Stories from French History   by Lena Dalkeith   37 credits
This beautifully illustrated book tells seven of the most picturesque stories from the history of France. They include the story of Clovis and his Queen Clotilda, Charlemagne, Saint Louis the Crusader, Joan of Arc, the Huguenots and the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, the French Revolution and Marie Antoinette, and Napoleon Bonaparte.

Story of Joan of Arc   by Andrew Lang   36 credits
Joan of Arc was a peasant girl with no political connections, and no knowledge of military affairs when she led the armies of France against the English at Orleans, and turned the tide of the 100 years war. The strange story of her rise from obscurity and eventual martyrdom would scarcely be believable if it had not been investigated and recorded in detail while she was still alive, by her mortal enemies, and others who hoped to discredit her. This book tells her story at just the right level of detail for older grammar and middle school students.

Our Little Norman Cousin of Long Ago   by Evaleen Stein   41 credits
A story of Normandy in the time of William the Conqueror, giving a vivid picture of manners and customs through the eyes of two boys of the court. Describes castle life, dress, amusements, training for knighthood, and other aspects of feudal life. Also relates stories of William's early days, as well as tales of his Norsemen forefathers, Duke Robert the Magnificent, Little Duke Richard, and Rolf the Ganger.

Gabriel and the Hour Book   by Evaleen Stein   34 credits
The events of this book take place in a monastery during the middle ages. It recounts the story of the making of an hour book, as a wedding gift from King Louis of France to Lady Anne of Brittany. It is told from the point of view of Gabriel, a color grinder for Brother Stephen, and the good fortune that comes to him by way of the beautiful book of devotions and prayers.

Stories of Roland Told to the Children   by H. E. Marshall   36 credits
This attractively illustrated book tells ten stories from the Song of Roland, one of the most illustrious knights of Romance. The famous hero was a nephew of Charlemagne and the most valorous Peer of France. Stories are told relating how Roland and Oliver fought and died at the battle of Roncesvalles, of Charlemagne's vengeance on Marsil the Saracen and of the punishment of the traitor Ganelon.

France: Peeps at History   by John Finnemore   37 credits
This book provides a succinct but thorough history of France, beginning with the Gauls under Roman rule and extending to the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars. All of the major characters and events in French history are briefly treated and the book is beautifully illustrated with important French characters and events.

Story of Old France   by Helene Guerber   165 credits
This book, along with its companion volume, The Story of New France provides a comprehensive overview of French history from Roman Gaul to the First World War. This first volume begins with stories of the Gauls prior to the Roman Conquest, and ends with the death of Louis XVI. The Merovingian, Carolingian, Capet, and Valois dynasties are covered, as well as the early Bourbon monarchs.

Story of France   by Mary Macgregor   226 credits
This comprehensive history of France covers Gaul from the Roman conquest to the Franco-Prussian War in the late 19th century. The stories of French heroes such as Vercingetorix, Clovis, Roland, Charlemagne, Rollo the Viking, St. Louis, Bertrand du Guesclin, Joan of Arc, Charles the Bold, Bayard, Henry Navarre, Louis XIV, and Napoleon Bonaparte are told with great interest.

Charlemagne   by George Upton   30 credits
There is no greater hero of the middle ages than Charlemagne, king of the Franks. He was great in war and great in peace—a conqueror, law-maker, scholar, organizer, and civilizer. He subdued savage nations, introduced learning, extended religion, encouraged the arts and sciences, and established one of the mightiest empires of the olden times.

Story of Roland   by James Baldwin   153 credits
These are the daring feats and exploits of Roland, worthiest of the barons of France in the time of Charlemagne, and those of Oliver and Reynauld and Ogier the Dane, all heroes who were his companions in arms and who rivaled him in the number and greatness of their exploits. The story is culled from the works of song-writers and poets of five centuries.

Henry IV   by John S. C. Abbott   97 credits
Henry IV came to the throne of France during a period of terrible religious and political strife. The kingdom was in the throes of civil war between Huguenots and Catholics, but the religious aspects of the conflict masked even greater political divisions. Henry IV fought on the Protestant side, but reconverted to Catholicism when he became king and spent much of his reign helping to heal old wounds and mend relations. Through the life of Henry IV, the story of the Protestant Reformation in France is told with great insight.

Louis XIV   by John S. C. Abbott   114 credits
Louis the XIV ruled France for over seventy years, during which time both the power of France and the corruption of the aristocracy increased greatly. This biography provides an overview of the wars and political events of his reign as well as insight into the palace politics and personalities during this critical period in French history.

Historical Tales: 6— French   by Charles Morris   136 credits
Some of the most romantic stories of France, beginning with the Visigoth repulsion of the Huns at Chalons, and ending with the Franco Prussian War are recounted by an outstanding storyteller. This collection of entertaining stories was written especially to appeal to young adults. Familiar characters such as Charlemagne and Joan of Arc are introduced, but so are lesser known characters such as Bayard, Charles the Bold, and the Duke of Bourbon.

Stories of Charlemagne and the Twelve Peers of France   by Alfred J. Church   113 credits
In these stories taken from the Charlemagne Romances, the swashbuckling bravado of the great age of chivalry is well preserved. Stories of Reynaud, Fierabras, Roland, Oliver, and Huon are all told with much gusto. Modern renditions of these stories sometimes tone down the comical bluster of these stories and thereby miss the humor in them. This is not so of Church's version.


Holy Roman Empire (Germany)

Stories of William Tell Told to the Children   by H. E. Marshall   33 credits
This children's biography of William Tell treats the historical as well as the legendary aspects of the Great Swiss hero. It describes the oppressions of the forest Cantons at the hands of their imperial overlords and how the Swiss fought to gain their independence. The Story of William Tell is told in the context of the great patriot's heroic resistance to Gessler, the brutal governor of Albrecht, Duke of Austria.

Otto of the Silver Hand   by Howard Pyle   61 credits
This story is set in the middle ages. The principle character is a boy, born of a noble family, who is raised in a monastery to protect him from the vicious rivalries that his father is involved with. At the age of twelve he is retrieved by his father, the Baron Conrad. No sooner does his knightly training begin, but he is kidnapped by his fathers bitterest enemy. It is a beautifully written story of love, honor, courage, chivalry, and forgiveness; one of Pyle's classic contributions to children's literature.

Swiss Twins   by Lucy F. Perkins   32 credits
In their small Swiss village, Seppi and Leneli, share adventures and trouble as they help their parents on their farm. Join them as they take care of their sister, baby Roseli, herd goats in the mountains, get lost during a mountain storm, and make friends with other mountain dwellers.

Herman and Thusnelda   by George Upton   41 credits
Hermann was a chieftain who defeated the Roman army at the battle of Teutoburg Forest, a defeat which ultimately drove the Romans from Germany. This story of his life is based on historical accounts but also romanticizes the Norse gods and legends that animated the German heroes.

Stories from German History   by Florence Aston   123 credits
This book covers the great tales of German history from the barbarian invasion of Rome to the Thirty Years' War. It features chapters on the rise of the Franks, Charlemagne, the ongoing conflict between the Emperor and the Pope, Frederick Barbarossa, and the dawn of the Reformation.

Germany: Peeps at History   by John Finnemore   40 credits
This brief history of Germany begins with the migration of the Germanic tribes over Europe around the fifth century A.D. and ends with the Franco Prussian War and the creation of the German confederation under the leadership of Prussia. It is beautifully illustrated and covers all the major characters and events of German history in less than a hundred pages.

History of Germany   by H. E. Marshall   186 credits
A history of Germany from the first encounter of the Teutonic tribes with the Romans to the eve of the First World War. The first part of the book traces the migrations of the Germanic nations throughout western Europe and their unification under Charlemagne. During the middle ages the Holy Roman Empire was a loosely controlled confederacy of German states, which did not become united until Prussia rose to prominence in the 18th century.

Barbarossa   by George Upton   55 credits
Barbarossa was one of the greatest of the Holy Roman Emperors, and one of the most famous of the Crusaders. The Holy Roman Empire was in disarray, but Barbarossa did much to consolidate power and form alliances. He campaigned in Italy as well as Germany, and did much to rebuild the Empire to its former prestige. After much conflict with the Pope and his Italian allies, Barbarossa agreed to lead a Crusade but died enroute to the holy land.

Youth of the Great Elector   by George Upton   53 credits
The Great Elector of Prussia was an ancestor of Frederick the great, but the main events of this book focus on the Thirty Years' War, which occurred during his youth. Son of Calvinist monarchs, in a Lutheran country, governed by a Catholic minister, the young Frederick was witness to all the intrigue and excesses of the tragic war which laid waste to great swaths of Germany during his lifetime.

Prince Eugene   by George Upton   50 credits
Eugene of Savoy, although French born, was one of the greatest generals in Austrian history and a gentleman of excellent character. Eugene's career spanned over fifty years and he served three Emperors, defending Austrian interests from both the Ottomans and the French. From his first great victory over the Ottomans at Zenta to the battle of Belgrade, he protected Christian Europe and held together the Hapsburg empire.

Swiss Heroes   by George Upton   43 credits
This romance is based on historical events and set in the days of Charles the Bold. It involves intertwined stories of several Swiss heroes who fought for Swiss rights by joining the forces in Europe allied against the tyrant Charles the Bold.

William Tell   by George Upton   36 credits
The legend of William Tell, the Swiss patriot who shot an apple off the head of his son, is based on a true story. This book tells the story of the freedom loving Swiss and their efforts to combat the Austrian tyranny. Tell's heroic actions embolded all his countrymen who eventually won their independence from Austria.

Historical Tales: 5—German   by Charles Morris   134 credits
This selection of stories from German history span from the era of the Roman Empire to the foundation of the German republic in the late 19th century. Instead of a comprehensive history, the author has rewritten some of the most entertaining episode in a manner especially interesting to young adults. Familiar characters such as Frederick Barbarossa, and Luther are introduced, but so are more obscure characters such as Wittekind, Ziska, and Wallenstein.


Italy and the Renaissance

Stories from Dante Told to the Children   by Mary Macgregor   43 credits
This simplified rendition of Dante's Inferno tells the story of the authors adventures in the underworld, and how he came to write the 'Inferno', one of the greatest epic poems in Western Civilization. The story recounts his journey with his guide Virgil, through the nine levels of hell, and finally through purgatory. Some familiarity with Greek mythology, and Renaissance Italy is helpful in understanding these tales, but they are recounted simply and beautifully.

Legends and Stories of Italy   by Amy Steedman   77 credits
This book contains many popular legends and saint stories of Italy, from the time of the Romans to the middle ages. It includes many legends of the Madonna and Gesu Bambino, including the Christmas Rose. Saint Stories include that of Mark and the Fisherman, Domenia the Consuls wife, Flavia, Diavola, and the little Countess.

Our Little Florentine Cousin of Long Ago   by C. V. Winlow   0 credits
The story of Filippo, a young boy who lived in Florence during the time of Lorenzo d' Medici and becomes unwittingly involved in political conspiracies of the age.

Knights of Art: Stories of the Italian Painters   by Amy Steedman   83 credits
This book contains stories from the Renaissance painters of Italy, simplified from the classical Lives of the Painters by Vasari. Some of the artists whose lives are told include Giotto, Fra Angelico, Botticelli, Raphael, and Michelangelo. Color plates of many of their masterpieces are included.

Travels and Adventures of Marco Polo   by George Towle   79 credits
This fascinating account of the life of Marco Polo follows him on his long journey to the east with his father and uncle and recounts all of his adventures at the court of Kublai Khan. Over 20 years after leaving Vienna, the Polo's returned home and at first were not recognized. Soon after his return home Polo was taken as a prisoner of war, and began writing his famous stories of the east while in prison.

Stories from Dante   by S. Cunnington   100 credits
This book provides an excellent introduction to the politics and personalities of 13th century Italy. It includes 20 short biographies of characters who are mentioned in Dante's Divine Comedy, and provides enough information about the politics of the region to make sense of the contentious wars and personal rivalries that animated the Saints and Sinners featured in Dante's masterpiece.


The Netherlands

Dutch Twins   by Lucy F. Perkins   50 credits
Through the eyes of Kit and Kat, 5 year-old twins, we catch a glimpse of life in Holland a century ago. We follow them as they go fishing with grandfather, join their father on market day, help their mother around the house, drive the milk cart, and get new skates. The story draws to a close on St. Nicholas Day when St. Nicholas himself pays them a visit.

William of Orange   by George Upton   41 credits
William of Orange was the mastermind and driving force behind the Netherlands rebellion against the tyranny of Philip II. Although William was at first a Catholic and favored religious toleration, when the Spanish governors redoubled their persecutions, he became a leader of the Protestant rebels. He gave his life, his fortune, and his whole being to the cause--losing many family members in the process, and is one of the most inspiring heroes of the Protestant cause.

Netherlands   by Mary Macgregor   132 credits
The Story of the Netherlands is really the story William of Orange the great Protestant hero of Dutch independence. During the reign of Phillip II, the religious and political suppression of the lowlanders resulted in a great struggle between Spain, led by the iron-fisted Alva; and the Netherlands, led by William of Orange. After a serious of dramatic oppressions and rebellions, the Dutch finally won their independence.


Norse and Scandinavia

Our Little Viking Cousin of Long Ago   by C. H. Johnston   49 credits
This book tells the story of a Viking boy named Biarne who travels with Leif Erikson on his voyage to Vinland in North America around the year 1000. He lives the life of a Viking adventurer, building a boat, crossing the ocean and helping to establish a settlement on in the new land. Eventually the small tribe of Vikings is attacked by natives, which they call Skrellings, and have to return to their base settlement at Greenland, but not without many treasures from the new land.

Viking Tales   by Jennie Hall   58 credits
This book follows the story of Harald Fairhair from the time he is given his own thrall at the cutting of his first tooth, through his exploits as a Viking adventurer, to his crowning as King of Norway. Then population pressures at home and eagerness for adventure and booty from other lands combine to drive some of the bolder Vikings to set forth from their native land. Sailing ever westward across the Atlantic, they hop along the chain of islands that loosely connects Norway with America in search of home and adventure.

Stories of the Vikings   by Mary Macgregor   44 credits
This book gives a brief history of the early kings of Norway, starting with Harald Fairhair (c. 860) , who first brought dozens of separate Viking kingdoms under a single rule, to the conversion of Norway from a Pagan to a Christian kingdom, under Olaf Trygveson (c. 1015). The explorations of Leif Erikson and his family are also covered.

Stories of Siegfried Told to the Children   by Mary Macgregor   41 credits
Siegfried is the central character in this legend, skillfully adapted from the Nibelung, an old German poem, full of strange adventures of tiny dwarves and stalwart mortals. In this retelling of the ancient legend, Siegfried wins the accursed Rhineland treasure, takes Kriemhild as bride, and comes to an untimely end, passing the curse of the Rheingold on to his enemies.

Story of Siegfried   by James Baldwin   111 credits
Legends of the Nibelungen hero, Siegfried, full of the mystery, awe, and poetry of the northern lands. They tell of how Siegfried forged the wondrous sword, Balmung, of his riding through flaming fire to awaken the maiden, Brunhild, and of the many other strange and daring deeds which he wrought. Many Norse myths are interwoven in the tale. The best rendition for children of the Siegfried legends, based on the Eddas, the Volsung Saga, and the Nibelungen-lied.

Gudrun   by George Upton   46 credits
Gudrun is a major character in Norse mythology and is loosely based on Kriemhild, wife of Siegfried. Her story, however, ends cheerfully as her faithfulness is ultimately rewarded by a reunion with her knightly lover. Her story is a romance of the old heroic period, written by a German poet of the thirteenth century and after the Nibelungen Lied, is the foremost of the German epic poems.

Nibelungs   by George Upton   64 credits
The Nibelungs is the most famous Epic in Norse mythology and is said to be based on the Royal family of Burgundy. The story begins when the wealth of the Burgundians falls into the hands of Siegfried. After helping King Gunther woo Brunhild, Siegfried marries Kriemhild, Gunther's sister. Ultimately, a row between the Queens leads to the death of both Siegfried and Kriemhild, and the loss of the treasure.

Sampo   by James Baldwin   110 credits
Far away in the Frozen Land, a long time ago, a master wizard forged the wondrous Sampo, or mill of fortune, which ground out all sorts of treasures and gave wealth and power to its owner. This story, retold in from the Finnish Kalevala, tells of the making of this mill and the adventures of the heroes who sought to gain possession of it.

In the Days of Giants   by Abbie F. Brown   77 credits
The great Norse epics have been retold for grammar school age children in this delightful collection. The Norse creation myths, as well as legends of the Norse Gods, Odin, Loki, and Thor are told in a manner attractive to young readers.

Children of Odin: A Book of Northern Myths   by Padraic Colum   111 credits
This book features Norse myths and ancient tales of the Gods of Asgard, told by a masterful storyteller. Subjects include Loki, the mischief-maker; Freya, goddess of love and beauty; Thor, god of war and thunder; Baldur, god of joy and peace; Odin, king of the Gods, and Frigga his Queen. The stories end with a recounting of the tale of Siegfreid and the Nibelungs.

Story of Rolf and the Viking's Bow   by Allen French   101 credits
Relates the exploits of a Viking boy: how he becomes an outlaw, and a thrall, and at long last gains his freedom and avenges the unlawful slaying of his father. Through his trials Rolf is challenged to grow in manliness, developing courage, self-control, patriotism, and perseverance, and in the end rising above the feud that has consumed him for so long.

Heroes of Asgard   by A. and E. Keary   79 credits
These Norse tales are based on the Icelandic sagas, and feature stories of Odin, Thor, Freya and the other the gods of Aesir. It tells of the Gods dealings with Loki, a mischievous imp, who brings tragedy to Asgard buy killing Baldur, god of peace and joy.

Norse Stories Retold from the Eddas   by H. W. Mabie   55 credits
The Eddas were Icelandic sagas written over 900 years ago, that tell of the great doings of the Norse Gods. They include the Norse creation story, the foundation of the city of Asgard, and many strange and wonderful stories involving Odin, Loci, Thor, Freya, Baldr, and many of the other Norse Gods.

Eric the Red   by George Upton   40 credits
This book records the stories of Eric the Red and his son Lief Ericson, the Norsemen credited with discovering North America in the 11th century. The adventures of other Norsemen, such as Thorwald, Thorfinn, and Finnboge, whose stories are related in the Nordic sagas are also told, along with other Pre-Columbian Nordic explorers.

Historical Tales: 9—Scandinavian   by Charles Morris   144 credits
This collection of stories from Norway and Sweden range from earliest stories of Ragnar Lodbrok, the notorious pirate who raided Saxon Britain, to the division of Norway and Sweden in the early twentieth centuries. In includes tales of the famous Viking kings of Norway, Harold Fairhair, Haakon the Good, and St. Olaf, and Norse heroes of the Thirty Years War, and Great Northern War, and almost all of the most romantic tales of Scandinavia.


The Crusades

Stories from the Crusades   by Janet Kelman   32 credits
This book brings the Crusades to life by telling the stories of its most famous heroes. It tells the story of how Peter the Hermit leads the first crusade; how three kings of Europe, including King Richard the Lionhearted of England, King Philip of France, and the Emperor Frederick of Germany, join efforts in the third crusade; and how King Louis of France launches the last crusade and is ultimately martyred.

Our Little Crusader Cousin of Long Ago   by Evaleen Stein   48 credits
The story of Hugh, page to King Richard the Lion-Hearted of England, and Raymond, page to Count William of France, and their adventures in Palestine during the third crusade. Through their eyes we see how, even with all their quarrels and failures, the men of the third crusade left a lasting record of gallant and heroic deeds.

Story of the Crusades   by E. M. Wilmot-Buxton   108 credits
This history of the Crusades gives plenty of background regarding the rise and spread of Islam into Persia and the holy lands, the rise of the Seljuk Turks and the state of Europe during the middle ages. It then briefly recounts the major characters and events involved in each of the nine crusades.

Barbary Rovers: Peeps at History   by John Finnemore   44 credits
This book gives a short but fascinating history of the Barbary pirates from the time the Moors were driven from Spain in 1492 until the overthrow of Algeria by France in the late 1800's. For nearly four hundred years, the Barbary pirates were the terror of the Mediterranean and took thousands of Christian European captives. The story of their depredations is both tragic and entertaining.

Crusaders   by Alfred J. Church   100 credits
This history of the Crusades is not comprehensive, but rather gives a detailed picture of some of the most interesting incidents in the First, Third, and Eighth Crusades. It is told from the point of view of a "wandering Jew" and gives romantic insight into some of the most famous characters and incidents.


Saints and Christian Heroes

God's Troubadour: The Story of St. Francis of Assisi   by Sophie Jewett   34 credits
This story relates how a gay, courtly young soldier, who grew up amid wealth and privilege became a knight of Jesus Christ. After he had a vision went on a pilgrimage he gave up earthly ambitions and vowed devotion to Lady Poverty. He founded the Franciscan order of monks and proved himself a 'little brother' to all men, and a friend even to the birds and beasts. It is a charming tale and a Christian classic.

Life of St. Benedict   by F. A. Forbes   36 credits
This book tells the story of St. Benedict, the founder of western Monasticism. He was born in the late fifth century as barbarians from the north and east overran the ruins of the fallen Roman empire and laid waste to the last vestiges of civilization. From this ruin, Benedict established an order of religious communities that survived the wreck of the dark ages.

Stories of the Saints   by Grace Hall   116 credits
Stories and Legends of over forty Saints from the time of the apostles to the sixteenth century. Most of the stories are composed of simple anecdotes and mystical occurrences of interest rather than chronological biographies. Bridget of Kildare, Ursula, Nicholas, and Charles Borromero are a few of the saints considered, along with many lesser Christian heroes.

Saint Gregory the Great   by Notre Dame   87 credits
Gregory the Great lived in the sixth century during a time of great turmoil. The western imperial government at Rome had broken down. Germanic leaders controlled most of the old Roman provinces, commerce was hindered by lawless bandits, and civilization was breaking down. At this critical time Gregory undertook many important reforms of the Church, sent evangelists all over pagan lands, and helped to usher in the "Age of Faith" in Europe.

History of the Church: Early Middle Ages   by Notre Dame   51 credits
Second of a five volume history of the Church, this book covers the events following the collapse of the Roman Empire. Topics include the foundation of the monasteries, the reign of Gregory the Great, the rise of Mohammedism, Charlemagne, the Conversion of the Barbarians, the Order of Cluny, and the East-West Schism.

History of the Church: Later Middle Ages   by Notre Dame   76 credits
Third of a five volume history of the Church, this book covers the late middle ages, including the Crusades, the mendicant orders, heresies of the Middle Ages, the rise of the Turks, the schism of the West, the fall of Constantinople, and the discovery of America.

History of the Church: Early Modern Times   by Notre Dame   96 credits
Fourth of a five volume history of the Church, this book covers the events leading up to the religious revolt of the 16th century. The reformation played itself out differently in Germany, France, England, the Netherlands, and Scandinavia and all of the major developments are covered. At the same time the Church was undergoing great internal reforms and opposing the spread of Protestantism, it undertook missions throughout the World and fought off the Turkish threat in the Mediterranean.

Stories of Saints and Martyrs   by Jetta S. Wolff   62 credits
This book includes the stories of over 32 saints, and includes sections on the Early Fathers (Ignatius, Polycarp, Irenaeus), the Saints of Ireland (Patrick, Columba, Columbanus), as well many saints of the Calendar, ranging from martyrs of the third century, to saints of Mediaeval England.

Life of St. Vincent de Paul   by F. A. Forbes   36 credits
This book tells the story of Vincent de Paul, one of the great saints of the French counter-reformation. He was born of a peasant family, and was ordained as a young man. One of his first assignments was as a chaplain to galley slaves, and this inspired him to dedicate the rest of his life to missionary work. He founded the order of the Lazarist missionary priests and with a nun friend assisted in the formation of the sisters of Charity.

Saints and Heroes to the End of the Middle Ages   by George Hodges   69 credits
An excellent introduction to the history of the church through portraits of twenty of the most important saints and heroes of the faith from the third century A.D. to the time of the Reformation. Includes Cyprian, Athanasius, Ambrose, Chrysostom, Jerome, Augustine, Benedict, Gregory the Great, Columba, Charlemagne, Hildebrand, Anselm, Bernard, Becket, Langton, Dominic, Francis, Wycliffe, Hus, and Savonarola.

Saints and Heroes Since the Middle Ages   by George Hodges   76 credits
This collection includes the life stories of fourteen saints and faith heroes who lived after the reformation. All made extraordinary contributions to their own faith traditions. They include Luther, Thomas More, Loyola, Cranmer, Calvin, Knox, Coligny, William the Silent, Brewster, Laud, Cromwell, Bunyan, and Wesley.

Story of Liberty   by Charles Coffin   225 credits
This history of the early period of the reformation is written from a strongly Protestant point of view. Covering mainly the events of the sixteenth century in Europe and ending with the Pilgrims voyage to America, it frames the religious dislocations of the age as a struggle for freedom against ecclesiastic tyranny. Strongly anti-Catholic in tone.

Martin Luther—the Story of his Life   by E. Singmaster   45 credits
This life story of Martin Luther that tells of incidents of his youth which influenced his ideas and characters, but it also goes into some detail regarding his theological ideas. An analysis of his major works is provided, but in easy-to-understand layman's terms. Mention is also made of the effects of his writings throughout the European community, and of his family life and later years.

Book of Saints and Heroes   by Andrew Lang   156 credits
Mrs. Lang's Saints and Heroes is a charming collection of saint stories that are told with in the style of a fairy tale or romance. Her hero stories are all essentially true, but include some fantastic elements. Some of the better known Saints included in this volume are Jerome, Augustine, Germanus, Columba, Margaret, Elizabeth, Francis, Collette, Vincent, and Simeon.

Erasmus of Rotterdam   by M. Wilkinson   36 credits
This short biography presents a complicated picture of Erasmus of Rotterdam, one of the most brilliant and influential men of the reformation era. A harsh critic of the church, Erasmus refused to join the revolt against priestly authority, and remained a thorn in the side of both Protestants and Catholics until the end of his days.


Overall Europe

Old Time Tales   by Lawton Evans   119 credits
This collection of over forty stories and legends from history are related by a master-story teller. They are perfect for reading individually or aloud. Most of the stories are from European history, since the author's other volume, America First, relates American stories. Well know stories such as William Tell, Joan of Arc, and the death of Roland are told, as well as lesser known classics such as "The Mouse Tower," "Dmitri the Pretender," and "Berth of the Big Foot."

Famous Men of the Middle Ages   by John Haaren   98 credits
Attractive biographical sketches of thirty-five of the most prominent characters in the history of the Middle Ages, from the barbarian invasions to the invention of the printing press. Subjects include Rollo the Viking, Henry the Fowler, Canute the Great, Peter the Hermit, Marco Polo, and many more. Each story is told in a clear, simple manner, and is well calculated to awaken and stimulate the youthful imagination.

Page—Esquire—Knight   by Marion Lansing   58 credits
Presents the best stories of all periods of chivalry, from the days of the founding of the Round Table to the death of Chevalier Bayard. It sets forth in simple story form the development and progress of knighthood from the time of St. George, who won his spurs by killing the dragon, to the founding, a thousand years later, of the order which bore his name and embodied in its ritual the highest ceremonial of chivalry. With its explanation of the meaning of the degrees of knighthood, its description of quests and tourneys, and its outline of the great events of chivalry, this volume will serve as a good introduction to the later reading of Arthurian and other romances, and of the history of Charlemagne's wars and the crusades.

Story of the Middle Ages   by S. B. Harding   100 credits
Relates the history of the Middle Ages simply, directly, and entertainingly. The material is well-arranged and the selection of topics is excellent. Special attention is given to presenting the life of the people; peasant, noble, and court. A unique and valuable book.

When Knights were Bold   by E. M. Tappan   116 credits
Spirited and interesting picture of life in castles and manors, monasteries and towns during the Middle Ages. The description of the customs of knights is especially full. Chapter titles include Page, Squire, and Knight; The Knight's Arms and Armor; Jousts and Tournaments; How to Capture a Castle; Daily Life in a Castle; Life on a Manor; Pilgrimages and Crusades; Military Orders, Monks, and Monasteries; Hermits, Friars, and Missionaries; Life in Town; Merchant Gilds and Craft Gilds; How Goods Were Sold; Schools and Literature; Science and Medicine; and Architecture and the Arts.

European Hero Stories   by E. M. Tappan   116 credits
This collection of introductory biographies covers the period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the age of Napoleon. Short stories of many of the foremost characters of Europe are given, including Clovis, Charlemagne, King Arthur, Alfred the Great, and William the Conqueror, Henry the Fowler, El Cid, Richard the Lion-hearted, Gutenberg, and dozens of others, that every child should recognize.

Story of Europe   by H. E. Marshall   108 credits
This book presents the broader movements of European history, emphasizing the main factors which have gone into the development of the various European states from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Reformation. The history of England is included only when that country plays a prominent part in the politics of Europe. A full treatment of the period immediately following the fall of the Roman Empire is given, since that period provides the necessary key to future developments. Maps, timelines, and genealogy charts of the various royal houses of Europe contribute to making this book an excellent resource for the study of the Middle Ages in Europe.

Awakening of Europe   by M. B. Synge   90 credits
Book III of the Story of the World series covers the reformation in Germany, the Netherlands, France, and England, as well as the settlement of colonies in America. Special attention is given to the rise of England and the Netherlands as sea powers, and the corresponding fall of Spain. The rise of Russia, Prussia, and Austria in the 17th and 18th centuries is also presented.

Discovery of New Worlds   by M. B. Synge   85 credits
Book II of the Story of the World series covers the rise and fall of the Roman Empire, the conversion of the Germanic tribes of Europe to Christianity, the rise of Islam in the east, the European Middle Ages, the Crusades, and finally the age of exploration. The book concludes with the discoveries of Columbus and the Spanish settlements in the New World.

Barbarian and Noble   by Marion Lansing   67 credits
This book recounts the rise of the Germanic tribes in the period during and after the fall of the Roman empire. It introduces the heroes of the various Teutonic tribes, including Athanaric, Alaric and Roderic (Visigoths), Theodoric (Ostrogoth), Clovis, Charlemagne (Franks), and also the later heroes, Alfred the Great, Rollo the Viking. The transition from barbarian tribe to Christian nation is featured in each story.

Patriots and Tyrants   by Marion Lansing   67 credits
The stories in these books recount the growth of freedom and liberty among citizens of the middle ages, beginning with German chieftains' conflicts with the Romans, and ending with the Dutch revolt against Spain. Many patriotic heroes are introduced, including Hermann, Wittekind, Hereward the Saxon, Simon de Montfort, Robert Bruce, William the Silent, and many others.