Electronic Texts User Guide
The Heritage Classical Curriculum is one of the first curricula to rely primarily on electronic rather than conventional texts. It is particularly suitable for this technology for several reasons. First, it is a reading-based program that requires access to an entire library rather than an individual textbook. Second, it is composed mainly of books in the "public domain"—those published before 1923—so that compliance with copyright restrictions is not cumbersome. By relying on electronic rather than conventional texts Heritage History is able to provide a high quality and broad-ranging curriculum at a very economical price.
Electronic texts have many advantages over conventional books, and now that e-Readers are relatively inexpensive, more book lovers will be able to enjoy easy access to classics that were previously difficult to obtain. Some notable advantages of e-Books are as follows:
- Availability: Millions of e-Books are readily available and they
can be procured easily online, often for a fraction of the price of conventional
books. Older classics are especially easy to obtain and are often either
very inexpensive or even free.
- Storage: While conventional books require lots of space to
store, thousands of e-Books can be stored on a computer or e-Reader, and
the cost of an e-Reader is significantly less than a quality bookshelf.
- Security: Conventional books are susceptible to being lost,
damaged, or just worn out. E-books never become worn, and even if an e-Reader or
computer becomes lost or damaged, your library can be restored from a back-up
- Permanence: It is only cost effective to keep conventional books
in-print if they continue to sell well, and out-of-print books are frequently
expensive and difficult to track down. Once an electronic version of a book is
available, it is permanently accessible.
- Searchable: Electronic texts are easy to search, bookmark, link to, or add comments.
Why then, doesn't everyone read e-Books? Simply because many people still prefer old-fashioned hard copy. E-Readers are now widely available, and as their prices continue to drop they will likely attract more and more book lovers, but many people, especially those born before the e-Book revolution, will always prefer printed books.
Two Solutions—Heritage History is committed to providing easy access to our outstanding library to those who prefer old-fashioned, printed books, as well as those who are comfortable with e-Reader technology. We therefore provide copies of all of our books in both printable and e-Reader formats. The Heritage PDF files are attractively formatted for printing. while our MOBI and EPUB files can be downloaded directly to any e-Reader or Tablet, or viewed on any home computer. Each Heritage History e-Book contains all three formats, so that users can freely upgrade to new technologies, print full or partial copies, or read the same book on multiple devices.
The three file formats supported by every book in the Heritage library are as follows:
- The PDF format (Portable Document Format) was created in 1993 by Adobe Systems
to provide a standard printer interface so that documents could be
reproduced identically on any printer. PDF is so well established that it is
supported by all modern printers, and the Adobe Reader software is already
installed on almost all home computers.
- The MOBI format (short for Mobile) is a commonly used electronic reader format
that was introduced almost ten years ago by Mobipocket, a subsidiary of Amazon.
It is supported by e-Reader devices like the Amazon Kindle.
- The EPUB format (short for Electronic PUBlication) is an e-Book standard format promoted by the International Digital Publishing Forum. EPUB became an official standard in September 2007. The EPUB format is supported by most newer e-Readers and Tablets.
The Electronic Text Users Guide is divided into three main sections. The first section, discusses Electronic Reader technology and provides instructions for downloading books from the Heritage Compact Libraries to portable e-Reader and Tablet devices. The next section covers Self-publishing options and presents ideas for minimizing printing and binding costs for those who opt to reprint their own books. The final page discusses Copyright Restrictions on Heritage History e-Books. We hope that this information helps Heritage History users make the best possible use of our resources.
Electronic Readers—Most e-Readers are set up primarily to encourage customers to purchase books through their proprietary stores, but all have some method—sometimes well documented, sometimes not—of allowing customers to download books directly from their computers without paying any additional fees. Unfortunately, this method varies with the different e-Readers.
Most e-Readers support a method of copying files directly onto devices that are physically hooked to your computer. This is the method described in the Downloading to your Kindle section of the Electronic Text User Guide. It is applicable to most e-Readers, although some newer e-Readers only support EPUB files, while Kindle prefers MOBI files. Since Heritage History provides both formats, one or the other should work on all e-Readers.
The method for downloading e-Books to an Apple iPad is somewhat different. Apple requires you to use the iTunes program to transfer EPUB files. The Downloading to your Apple iPad section below describes this process in detail.
If you do not already own an e-Reader, the section Time to Buy an e-Reader? may be of interest, since it reviews features of various e-Readers. Alternatively, there are several free software packages available that can be downloaded to your computer so that any portable lap-top can serve as an e-Reader. We recommend downloading the Mobipocket reader for those who would like to read e-Books rather than PDF files on their laptop.
Downloading Heritage e-Books to your Kindle
The Heritage Compact Libraries contain dozens of MOBI e-Book files on one CD that can be downloaded to your Kindle e-Reader. In order to download the files to your Kindle, you will need to insert the Heritage Compact Library into your computer, and then navigate to the folder where the MOBI files are stored. When you have opened this folder , you can move the e-Books of interest to the Kindle device. In the following example, the book Famous Men of Greece is moved from a Compact Library CD to a Kindle.
To access MOBI files from a Heritage Compact Library, Put the CD into your computer. If you open up a Windows Explorer window and view the contents of the CD, you will see folders labeled "epub", "guide", "html", "images", "maps", "pdf", and "mobi". All of the MOBI e-Book files on the CD are in the "mobi" folder. An example of what you should see in Windows Explorer (Microsoft Vista) is shown in the following image.
Open the "mobi" folder to display all of the available e-Books on the Compact Library Disc. The title and author are displayed in alphabetical order, making it easy to find the book you want. The following image shows a listing of the "mobi" folder on the Compact Library Disc.
Adding e-Books to your reading device is simple. Plug your reading device into your computer. On most Windows computers an "AutoPlay" window will appear on your screen. Select the "Open folder to view files" option. You should see something resembling the following image.
You are now at the top level of your Kindle system directory. You will see a folder named "documents". Select this folder in Windows Explorer to see what e-Books are on your Kindle. If the AutoPlay window does not appear on your computer screen, you can use Windows Explorer to navigate to the "documents" folder on your Kindle. See image below for an example folder listing from a Kindle "documents" directory.
Now that you have the "documents folder open you can simply select the e-Books from the "mobi" folder on the Compact Library Disc and move them to the Kindle "documents" folder. If you experience problems with moving MOBI files to your Kindle, please see the documentation that came with your Kindle.
Downloading Heritage e-Books to your Apple iPad
The following instructions on how to download Heritage EPUB files to your iPad assume that iTunes is already installed on your computer and that your iPad is authorized to work with your iTunes installation. You can add one e-Book at a time to your iPad or download all of the e-Books on your Compact Library to the iPad at once. The example below demonstrates adding a single e-Book to the iPad device.
First connect the iPad to your computer and then select the "Add File to Library" command. Navigate to the "epub" directory on the Compact Library, select a book of interest and then sync your iTunes library with your iPad. The following is a step by step guide with images.
With the iPad e-Reader connected to your computer, select "Add File to Library" as shown in the following image.
Navigate to the "epub" directory on the Heritage Classical Curriculum CD and select the e-Book of interest—in this case, it's Famous Men of Greece by Haaren. This will add the file to your iTunes library.
After you have added your book to the iTunes library, you will need to sync your iTunes library with your iPad. The sync operation copies selected books from your iTunes library to your iPad. Apple's iPad and iTunes documentation can explain in detail how to manage your iTunes and iPad libraries. The following image shows iTunes syncing to the iPad.
Adobe Reader and Mobipocket Reader
Adobe Reader and Mobipocket Reader provide two additional methods to access Heritage History e-Books. The Adobe Reader is a well established software program from Adobe that reads files in the PDF format. Portable Document Format (PDF) is an open standard for document exchange. Most computers today have the Adobe Reader program installed. Heritage History has specially formatted the e-Book PDF files so that you can easily print a book out for reading. A more detailed discussion of this can be found in the Self Publishing section of the Electronic Text User Guide.
Mobipocket Reader is a software program that runs on your computer. It offers the ability to read an e-Book on your computer without purchasing any hardware. Mobipocket provides all of the features that a dedicated e-Reader has except for physical portability. This can be a cost-effective solution for someone who has a laptop but not the means to purchase a dedicated e-Reader.
Downloading the Adobe Reader—Most computers already have Adobe Reader installed on them, because PDF is a commonly used format for printable documents. If your computer does not already have Adobe Reader installed on it, the latest version of the software can be obtained by following instructions at this website:
Downloading the Mobipocket Reader—The Mobipocket reader features a reflowable display that allows you to highlight, bookmark, leave comments, and even look up words. It also provides access to free news updates and offers easy organization of books. It can be downloaded for free at:
This webpage will present you with two options. You can download the Mobipocket Reader or the Mobipocket Creator. The creator program is used to create your own e-books. Instead, choose the reader program. This will take you to the reader web page. Press the download button on the right-hand side of the screen. Follow the prompts to install Mobipocket reader on your computer.
Accessing Printable PDF e-Books from the Compact Library—Assuming Adobe Acrobat has been installed on your computer, you can now open a book by clicking on a book link in the Compact Library. The following image shows an isolated view of a book list from the Ancient Greece Classical Curriculum. In this example if we wish to read Famous Men of Greece, we simply click on the book link and the book will open with the Adobe Acrobat reader.
The following image shows the e-Book Famous Men of Greece opened inside a Windows Internet Explorer window with the Adobe Reader application.
Accessing MOBI files from the Compact Library—Assuming Mobipocket Reader has been installed on your computer, you can now open a book by clicking on a book link in the Compact Library. The following image shows an isolated view of the book list. In this example if we wish to read Famous Men of Greece, we simply click on the MOBI link. The e-Book should then open with the Mobipocket Reader program.
After selecting the link there might be a couple of typical Microsoft Window warning messages about opening or saving the file; select "open". Since the file is being opened from a web page Windows might ask if you really want a "Web Application" to open the file; select "allow". The following image shows the results of opening Famous Men of Greece into the Mobipocket Reader.
Time to Buy an e-Reader?
E-books provide a convenient and low-cost way to enjoy classical history and literature, but they cannot be used without computers and electronic readers (e-Readers). Because electronic readers are still relatively new the technology is changing rapidly and it is difficult to keep up with the latest developments.
Until recently, only a few e-Readers were available; now there are dozens of vendors, models and features to choose from. Selecting the e-Reader or Tablet that is right for your family can be difficult. Here we provide an overview of some of the major features and give our take on the importance of each. We have tried to keep this information general, since the technology is changing so rapidly that specific products are constantly superseded.
E-Readers are used primarily for reading electronic books or magazines and support few other functions. They usually have black and white screens, are lightweight, and have a very long battery life (up to a month). They are much less expensive than Tablets, with low-end models beginning around $100.
The most popular e-Readers are Amazon's Kindle and Barnes and Noble's Nook. Both are marketed by bookstores which stand to make more money off the purchase of electronic books than they do by selling the device itself. However, there are several other vendors in the market, and electronic books can be purchased from many other sources, so you do not need to purchase an e-Reader associated with a particular bookstore.
Tablets are more complex than e-Readers and operate much like a small laptop. They have more complicated user interfaces than most e-Readers, but they are easy to use because they appear to operate like a computer. Most Tablets have a touch screen with a color LCD, an internet browser, and the ability to run a variety of applications. They can be used to read books or email, browse the internet, watch videos, or play games, but they are difficult to use for major writing projects, editing, or content creation. Battery life (up to 24 hours) is not nearly as long as an e-Reader, but somewhat longer than a laptop.
There are a great many Tablets now available on the market. The Apple iPad has been dominant up until now, but lower cost versions are being introduced by many different providers. Tablets are not captive to any particular bookstore and allow you to purchase books from any online store or upload electronic books directly from your computer. The purchase cost of Tablets, however, is significantly higher than for e-Readers.
Screen Technology—The cost, battery life, and user interface of electronic readers and Tablets are determined primarily by their screen technology.
- E-Ink screens mimic printed paper and are non-reflective so they provide excellent contrast in daylight and bright light environments. Reading in low light is a problem, just as it is when reading a regular book, so portable book lamps are a popular option with e-Ink devices. E-Ink screens consume very little power so the battery life is extremely long—up to a month in some cases. Page refresh is too slow for game and video applications, but is adequate for reading a book.
- Color LCD screens are commonly used for Tablet devices. While the color display is visually appealing and essential for games and video applications, it is not necessary for reading an e-Book and sometimes harmful. Some people are troubled with eye fatigue due to long term exposure to backlighting and prefer e-Ink screens for reading.
- Touch Screen displays make it easy to navigate and control the operation of the device. They allow for an intuitive and easy-to-learn user interface. In the past, touch screen technology only worked with LCD displays but now they have been adapted to work with e-Ink displays.
- Screen Size on most devices varies from five inches to around ten inches. In addition to costing more, e-Readers with larger screens have shorter battery lives and are heavier, so the trade-off between screen size and portability is straight-forward.
Connectivity Options—Data must have a way to get on and off your reading device. Tablets and E-readers are too small to have CD drives, but they all support USB (Universal Serial Bus) inputs. In addition, most support some form of wireless data transfer. The connectivity options supported by most e-Readers are as follows:
- USB Universal Serial Bus connectivity is supported by all electronic devices. The same USB cable that allows you to recharge your battery can also be used to download e-Books from your computer directly to your e-Reader. A USB port is the only connection required to upload Heritage History e-Books, and directions for uploading Heritage books to your e-Reader or Tablet are provided here.
- Wi-Fi is provided on most e-Readers, and all Tablets. Wi-Fi allows you to make a wireless connection from a local home or public network directly to your reading device. Since Tablets have computer-like operating systems, they are easily adapted to local area Wi-Fi networks. E-Readers have more limited functions, but many allow you to download content from the Internet when you are in the vicinity of a Wi-Fi network.
- 3G is shorthand for the 3rd generation mobile telecommunications protocol that allows your device to connect to a cellular wireless network. Cellular networks cover vast areas rather than local operations, so they can be used anywhere that a typical cellphone gets reception. Most e-Readers provide limited 3G access for uploading books from e-Book stores, but do not support high bandwidth applications. Tablets, on the other hand, typically support applications (such as uploading games or movies from the Internet) that make high bandwidth demands on the wireless network, so 3G is an optional feature and significantly increases the cost of the device. Tablet users who are usually within the range of Wi-Fi may not need access to 3G service.
Audio Options—Audio books are very popular with a great many people and one of the selling points of electronic readers is that most support some form of audio. Most e-Readers support both Text-to-Voice and Audio Books, but it is important to understand the difference between them.
- Text-to-Voice is a software program that will read any electronic text file using a particular "voice". Each individual voice used by a text-to-voice program has an entire dictionary of prerecorded words and phrases which help the voice sound much more realistic. The more pre-recorded words in a text-to-voice dictionary, the more natural the translation, so low-end applications usually make only one or two voices available. Text-to-voice software can guess the pronunciation of words that it doesn't recognize, but they often sound mechanical.
- Audio Books are created by recording a live human reading an actual book. Their quality is much higher than that of a text-to-voice program. A good reader often brings drama, humor, and personality to the reading of a book that an automated program cannot possibly provide.
There is no question that quality-wise, audio books are superior to automated versions. Unfortunately, there are some major disadvantages. Well-done audio books are difficult to make, and are therefore relatively expensive. More importantly, most books are simply unavailable as audio books. The Heritage History library, for example, has over 400 electronic books, each of which can be downloaded for less than $2. Of these four hundred books, only about a few dozen are currently available as audio books, and most are fairly expensive. Text-to-voice applications, on the other hand, can read any book at all in the Heritage library for no additional cost.
The good news is, almost all electronic readers provide a fairly high quality text-to-voice application as a standard feature, and in many cases this is sufficient.
Our Recommendations—The decision of whether to purchase a Tablet or an e-Reader is a personal one, but since we own a selection of both and are veteran homeschoolers with numerous children, our own experience may be instructive.
First of all, the issue of whether or not our students would enjoy reading from electronic readers as much as from "real books" was very quickly put to rest. Far from preferring "real books", our children, who have spent their whole lives surrounded by delightful classics and have been discouraged from over-doing video entertainment of any kind, surrendered all loyalty to old-fashioned ink and paper in moments.
Nevertheless, as dutiful wet-blanket parents, for serious reading we prefer the prosaic, single-purpose electronic readers for precisely the same reasons they prefer the Tablet; that is, because they lack fun applications. The problem we have with Tablets is that because they are so fun to play with, students are likely to be distracted from serious reading. Students may be tempted to play "Angry Birds", log onto Facebook, or check sport scores instead of reading Plutarch, and this is less of a temptation with regular e-Readers.
A secondary problem we have with Tablets is that they are almost as expensive as laptops, but are not as useful for actually creating complex content. One can make frivolous posts and view much information, but they are not a good tool for serious writing, editing, or design.
It is likely that in the future, laptops and Tablets will tend to merge, as Tablets become more functional and laptops become lighter. It is also likely that e-Readers will provide a broader range of computer-like functions, so the distinctions we now see between the three devices are probably destined to become less distinct.
At this time, however, for serious students, we recommend a low cost e-Reader for reading their favorite books and a conventional computer or laptop for getting actual work done. Keep in mind, however, that the technology is changing so rapidly that you will very likely have even more advanced, less expensive options in the future. It is for this reason that Heritage History offers multiple versions of each e-book it sells, to allow for easy upgrades in the future.
Digital Rights Management
Most e-Books and e-Readers support a mechanism to protect copyrighted material. There are various methods of protecting digital material, but all are typically labeled with the generic term "Digital Rights Management" or DRM for short. Most e-books purchased from e-Book vendors such as Amazon have some form of DRM. Purchasing an e-Book with DRM prevents the purchaser from reselling or redistributing the e-Book. Some forms of DRM can even prevent e-Books from being read on multiple e-Readers or computers at the same time. The protection mechanism attempts to mimic the realities of owning a single copy of a book. While there are some redeeming points to DRM material, such as protection for the publisher and author, DRM schemes tend to be cumbersome for the end user.
Another problem with DRM schemes is that when you purchase a "protected" e-Book and download it to a specific technology, such as Kindle, the DRM rights will not necessarily transfer to future technology. Successive generations of e-Readers sold by a particular company will undoubtedly be upgradeable, but there is no guarantee that if in five years' time you transfer to a completely different technology you will still be able to use your e-Books.
Because of these problems, Heritage History has elected to provide e-Books without a DRM scheme applied. This allows our customers to easily move their purchased materials from one device to another without worrying about licensing issues. Heritage users don't need to worry that changing technology will obsolete their book collection, or that their collection of books will be lost if their e-Reader is lost, or that software problems might corrupt their files. They can keep as many backup files as they desire, and have the security of knowing their library will be never be lost or corrupted.
Heritage History trusts its customers to respect our copyrights and to make prudent decisions, bearing in mind that our copyright limitations restrict our customers to copying Heritage files for personal and educational uses only. More information about the copyright restrictions on Heritage e-Books is included in the final division of this User Guide.
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