I believe there are more instances of the abridgement of freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments by those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations. — James Madison

Story of Carthage - Alfred J. Church



The Punic civilization was one of the most advanced in the ancient world, but few native works survived the destruction of Tyre and Carthage. About a third of this book is dedicated to the internal history and legends of the city of Carthage, but most of the rest gives accounts of the ancient wars that Carthage engaged in with the Greeks on the island of Sicily and with the Romans for control of the Western Mediterranean.

[Book Cover] from The Story of Carthage by Alfred J. Church
[Frontispiece] from The Story of Carthage by Alfred J. Church
HANNIBAL CROSSING THE ALPS.


[Title Page] from The Story of Carthage by Alfred J. Church [Copyright Page] from The Story of Carthage by Alfred J. Church


Preface

It is difficult to tell the story of Carthage, because one has to tell it without sympathy, and from the standpoint of her enemies. It is a great advantage, on the other hand, that the materials are of a manageable amount, and that a fairly complete narrative may be given within a moderate compass.

I have made it a rule to go to the original authorities. At the same time I have to express my obligations to several modern works, to the geographical treatises of Heeren, the histories of Grote, Arnold and Mommsen, Mr. Bosworth Smith's admirable Carthage and the Carthaginians, and the learned and exhaustive History of Art in Phoenicia and its Dependencies, by Messieurs Georges Perrot and Charles Chipiez, as translated and edited by Mr. Walter Armstrong. To this last I am indebted for most of the illustrations of this book.

I have had much help also from Mr. W. W. Capes' edition of Livy xxi., xxii.

I have not thought it necessary to discuss the critical questions which have been raised about the Duilian column. The inscription, as it at present exists, may be supposed to bear a general, though not a faithful, resemblance to the original.

A. C.

HADLEY GREEN, May 27, 1886

[Contents] from The Story of Carthage by Alfred J. Church [Illustrations] from The Story of Carthage by Alfred J. Church



Chronological Table

Carthage founded by Dido 850
The Campaigns of Malchus 550
The Battle of Alalia 536
First Treaty with Rome 509
First Battle of Himera 480
Second Treaty with Rome 440
Hannibal invades Sicily 410
Third Treaty with Rome 405
Capture of Agrigentum 406
Treaty between Carthage and Dionysius 405
Renewal of the War 397
Siege of Syracuse by Himilco 396
Return of Himilco to Africa 396
Mago invades Sicily 393
Treaty of Peace with Dionysius 392
Renewal of the War 383
Dionysius attacks Carthage 368
Death of Dionysius 367
The Conspiracy of Hanno 340
The Battle of Crimessus 339
Death of Timoleon 337
Agathocles defeated at Himera 310
He transfers the War to Africa 310
He returns to Sicily 307
Pyrrhus invades Sicily 278
He leaves Sicily 276
Beginning of First Punic War 264
Defeat of the Carthaginian Fleet by Duilius at Mylae 260
Victory of Regulus at Ecnomus 256
Landing of Regulus in Africa 256
Defeat of Regulus by Xantippus 255
The Siege of Lilybaeum begun 249
Defeat of the Roman Fleet under Claudius at Drepanum 249
Hamilcar Barca comes into Sicily 247
Death of Hannibal 247
Defeat of Carthaginian Fleet by Catulus at Aegusa 241
Conclusion of First Punic War 241
War of the Mercenaries 241-236
Hamilcar Barca invades Spain 236
Death of Hamilcar 229
Assassination of Hasdrubal 221
Capture of Saguntum by Hannibal 218
Battles of Ticinus and Trebia 218
Battle of Trasumennus 217
Battle of Cannae 216
Hannibal winters in Capua 215
Roman Conquest of Syracuse 212
Hannibal takes Tarentum 212
Defeat and Death of the Scipios in Spain 211
Hannibal marches on Rome—Fall of Capua 211
Publius Scipio goes to Spain 210
He captures New Carthage 209
Death of Marceilus 208
Hasdrubal enters Italy 207
His defeat at Metaurus 207
Scipio sails to Africa 204
Hannibal returns to Carthage 203
Defeat at Zama 202
End of Second Punic War 201
Death of Hannibal 183
Roman Embassy at Carthage 174
The Third Punic War begins 149
Fall of Carthage 146