Thousand Years of Jewish History - Maurice Harris




Book II: Judea Independent


CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE


EVENTS IN ROME B.C.
Final subjection of Carthage and Greece 146
Pompey takes Syria and closes the Seleucidan dynasty 65
Pompey takes Jerusalem 63
1st triumvirate Caesar, Pompey and Crassus 60
Julius Caesar, Imperator 48
2nd triumvirate, Antony, Octavius and Lepidus 44
1st Emperor, Augustus 30
Death of Augustus 14 A.D.
JUDEA'S RULERS AND TEACHERS B.C.
Jose b. Joezer and Jose b. Jochanan 170
Judea independent 142
Simon, Prince 142
Joshua b. Perachia and Mattai the Arbelite 140-110
John Hyrcanus I 135
Aristobulus I 105
Alexander Janneus 104
Judah b. Tabbai and Simon b. Shetach 100-90
Salome Alexandra 78
Aristobulus II 69
Shemaiah and Abtalion 65-35
Hyrcanus II (tributary to Rome) 63
Antigonus 46-37
Hillel and Shammai 30
Herod 37-4




[Contents] from 1000 Years of Jewish History by Maurice Harris

THE TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM RESTORED BY CHIPIEZ

[Contents] from 1000 Years of Jewish History by Maurice Harris

GROUND PLAN OF THE TEMPLE AREA, Approx 1000 SQ. FT.

A.: The colossal Royal Bridge, on arches, that spanned the Tyropoeon valley from Mount Zion to Mount Moriah, and led eastward into the Court of the Gentiles.

COURT OF THE GENTILES: The outer portions of the Temple area within the walls. The dots in the dotted lines show the number and position of the Corinthian columns forming colonnades that enclosed the Court. Within these colonnades was the Royal porch on the south, and Solomon's Porch on the east. In these porches the oxen, sheep, and doves selected for sacrifices were sold, as in a market.

BEAUTIFUL GATE: The broad gate leading from Solomon's Porch into the Court of Women.

B. B. B.: A terrace ten and a half feet high and fifteen feet broad, which bounded the inner wall of the Sanctuary.

A. A.: The inner wall of the Sanctuary.

THE SANCTUARY consisted of the three courts: The Court of Women, the Court of Israel, and the Court of Priests, beyond which were the Holy and Most Holy Places, forming lower apartments of the Temple proper.

C. C. C. C.: Four south-side flights of steps that led up to the gates in the terrace that opened into the Courts above.

D. D. D. D.: Four north-side flights of steps that led up to the gates on the north side.

E. E.: The thirteen money chests, forming the Treasury of the Temple.

F. F.: Courts and chambers within the Sanctuary.

G.: Nicanor Gate, leading from the Court of Women into the Court of Israel.

H.: The fifteen terrace steps on which the Levites stood when they sung the fifteen "Psalms of Degrees" at the Feast of Tabernacle: and in the door-way of the gate, all took place that was ordered to be done "before the Lord."

J.: Twelve steps leading up to the Porch of the Temple.

B.: The two Tables, the one of marble, the other of gold, within the porch.

THE HOLY PLACE contained the Tables of Shewbread, the Golden Candlestick, and the Altar of Incense. In the "Holy of Holies" a solitary stone marked the place where should have stood the ark, which Nebuchedrezzar had taken away.—From The Wonderful Story of Old.