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Archidamus

476–427 BC
Civilization: Greek — Sparta
   Field of Renown:  monarch — King
Era:  Golden Age

a seige
BESIEGERS FELLING TREES
The son of Zeuxidamus, Archidamus reigned 476-427 B.C. He succeeded his grandfather Leotychides upon the banishment of the latter, his father having already died. His coolness and presence of mind are said to have saved the Spartan state from destruction on the occasion of the great earthquake of 464. He was a friend of Pericles and a man of prudence and moderation. During the negotiations which preceded the Peloponnesian War he did his best to prevent, or at least to postpone the inevitable struggle, but was overruled by the war party. He invaded Attica at the head of the Peloponnesian forces in the summers of 431, 430 and 428, and in 429 conducted operations against Plataea. He died probably in 427, certainly before the summer of 426, when we find his son Agis on the throne.

—Excerpted from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica.


Key events during the life of Archidamus:


Year
Event
469 BC
Rose to the Eurypontid throne in Sparta.
464 BC
Great Spartan earthquake.
445 BC
Negotiated Thirty Years truce with Pericles regarding disputed territories in Boeotia.
431 BC
Invaded Attica during summers of 431, 430, 428. Peloponnesian War begins.
429 BC
Conducted Seige of Plataea.
426 BC
Died.

Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
Fate of Plataea  in  Pictures from Greek Life and Story  by  Alfred J. Church
Earthquake  in  The Story of the Greeks  by  H. A. Guerber
Attica Is Invaded by the Spartans  in  The Story of Greece  by  Mary Macgregor
Siege of Plataea  in  The Story of Greece  by  Mary Macgregor
Defense of Plataea  in  Historical Tales: Greek  by  Charles Morris


Contemporary
Short Biography
Pericles Athenian statesman during Golden Age of Athens. Made Athens cultural center of Greece.
Cimon Athenian statesman and general. Fought Persians in Ionia after the war. Friend of Sparta.
Demosthenes Important Athenian general in the Peloponnesian War. Perished at Syracuse.
Brasidas Eloquent Spartan general, turned tide of Peloponnesian War in Sparta's favor. Died at Amphipolis.