How many legs does a dog have if you call the tail a leg? Four. Calling a tail a leg does not make it a leg. — Abraham Lincoln

Aristotle

384–322 BC
Civilization: Greek — Stagira/Athens
   Field of Renown:  science — Philosopher
Era:  Macedonian

Aristotle
ARISTOTLE TEACHING ALEXANDER
Aristotle was one of the most famous philosophers of all time. He was a student of Plato, a contemporary of Philip II of Macedonia, and a teacher of his son Alexander the Great. He wrote on a vast variety of topics including logic, rhetoric, ethics, government, physics and biology. He was a systematic thinker and organized much of the knowledge of his time into a methodical course of study. And his works have been influential throughout all of western thought and history.

Aristotle was born in Stagira, on the Peninsula of Chalcidice in Thrace. His father was a court physician for the king of Macedonia, and he had a long association with the Macedonian court during the period of Philip II's rise to power. He was sent to study at Plato's Academy at the age of 18, and was ultimately recognized as one of the top scholars. He left the Academy and returned to Macedonia in 347 B.C., and a few years later became a tutor for Alexander the Great. He returned to Athens in 335 B.C. and founded a school called the Lyceum. Several members of Plato's academy joined him there. On the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., Athens rebelled against Macedonia, and at that time Aristotle returned to Macedonia where he died a year later.


Key events during the life of Aristotle:


Year
Event
374 BC
Father died, left in custody of his uncle.
367 BC
Went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy.
347 BC
Left the Academy after the death of Plato.
342 BC
Became a tutor for Alexander the Great.
335 BC
Returned to Athens. Opened up a school at the Lyceum.
323 BC
Fled from Athens after the death of Alexander the Great.
322 BC
Died.

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Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
Alexander's Childhood and Youth  in  Alexander the Great  by  Jacob Abbott
Before the Time of Christ  in  Stories of the Great Scientists  by  Charles R. Gibson
Aristotle, Zeno, Diogenes and Apelles  in  Famous Men of Greece  by  John H. Haaren and A. B. Poland
Aristotle  in  Back Matter  by  books/horne/statesmen/_back.html
The Wise Man Who Lisped  in  Stories of the Ancient Greeks  by  Charles D. Shaw
Alexander the Great  in  The Story of the Greek People  by  Eva March Tappan

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Image Links


Aristotle teaching Alexander, Laplante
 in Famous Men of Greece

Aristotle lecturing, Grosse
 in Famous Men of Greece

Philosophers of Athens, Raphael
 in Famous Men of Greece

Celebrated Greeks—I.
 in Famous Men of Greece

Aristotle teaching
 in Back Matter

School of Athens (Plato with Aristotle beside him is lecturing)
 in The Story of the Greek People


Contemporary
Short Biography
Plato Writer of moral philosophy. Well known for 'Dialogues'. Student of Socrates.
Philip of Macedonia Used statesmanship as well as military force to bring Greece under sway of Macedonia.
Alexander the Great Greatest general of ancient times. Conquered Persian Empire with 40,000 soldiers.