|JOSEPHINE TAKING LEAVE OF HER CHILDREN|
Eugene de Beauharnais was the stepson of Napoleon Bonaparte
. He commanded the
Italian army and served as viceroy of Italy under his stepfather, and he is
widely considered the most skilled of Napoleonís relatives.
Eugeneís real father was executed during the Reign of Terror, while his mother
Josephine was shut away in prison. Two years later, his mother married
Napoleon, and Eugene began serving as the Emperorís aide-de-camp in Italy and
Egypt. He was wounded in Egypt and returned to Paris, where he helped bring
about the reconciliation of Josephine and Napoleon, who were distraught over
each otherís extramarital affairs. He returned to the front during the War of
the Fifth Coalition, this time as commander of the Army of Italy. He continued
to lead the small army during the Russian campaign, leading with the retreating
army back to Germany even after Napoleonís hasty departure. Back in Italy, he
organized a defense against the Austrians, which remained in place until
Napoleonís abdication in 1814. Afterward, he retired to Munich, where he
remained with his father-in-law Maximilian I of Bavaria and refused to engage in
French politics any further. He died ten years later.
Key events during the life of Eugene de Beauharnais:
||Born to Josephine and Alexandre de Beauharnais
||Father was executed during the Reign of Terror
||Mother married Napoleon Bonaparte
||Returned to France and reconciled his mother and Napoleon
||Married Princess Augusta Amalia Ludovika Georgia of Bavaria
||Brought retreating army back from Russia
||Napoleon's abdication; retired to Munich
||Victorious general who rose to power during the French Revolution. Crowned himself Emperor and restored France to greatness.
||Aristocratic wife of Napoloeon Bonaparte.
||Step-daughter, and sister-in-law of Napolean Bonaparte, and mother of Napoleon III of France.
||Key figure of the French Revolution. Leader of the Reign of Terror.