Shortly after Edward III came to the throne, he sought to reconquer Scotland, which had been lost to England by his incompetent father. To this end, he raised an army under Edward Baliol, son of the Scottish prince that Edward I had unsuccessfully attempted to place on the Scottish throne, and invaded Scotland. Although the England armies were largely victorious, the ever-defiant Scots refused to submit, and little was accomplished.
The English sought to besiege Dunbar Castle, which had been left under the guard of Black Agnes while her husband was serving under David II, but Agnes frustrated every effort, even commanding her maids to "wipe the spot clean" whenever a stone hit the castle walls. When her brother was captured by the English, she told them to go ahead and hang him, since then she would inherit all of his lands. He survived the episode, and her defiant attitude, which exemplified the tone of Scottish resistance, won the day. The siege was raised after four months.
|Birth of Black Agnes|
|Battle of Bannockburn, critical battle of the First War of Scottish Independence.|
|Second War of Scottish Independence breaks out when Edward Baliol defeats the Scots.|
|Agnes successfully defends Dunbar Castle|
|Scots are defeated at the Battle of Neville's Cross.|
|Death of Black Agnes.|
|David II.—The Story of Black Agnes in||Scotland's Story by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall|
When a stone hit the walls, Black Agnes would bid her maids wipe the spot with a clean white cloth
in Scotland's Story
|Thomas Randolph||Kinsman and military leader of Robert the Bruce.|
|Earl of Salisbury||Besieged Dunbar Castle, but was turned away by Black Agnes|
|David II of Scotland||Son of Robert the Bruce; king of Scotland during the second War of Independence|
|Edward Balliol||Usurper of the Scottish crown, backed by England.|
|Earl of Dunbar||Husband of Agnes, absent during the seige of Dunbar.|