|d. 422 BC|
|Civilization:||Greek — Sparta|
|military — General|
Brasidas was one of the most important Spartan generals in first decade of the Peloponnesian War. He won his first laurels by the relief of Methone, which was besieged by the Athenians (431 B.C.). Later (425) he distinguished himself in the assault on the Athenian position at Pylos, during which he was severely wounded. It was the following year, however, that he began a campaign of conquest in Thrace that brought Sparta some of its greatest successes in the war, and put them in a strong position during the negotiations of the Peace of Nicias in 421.
In the spring of 423 B.C. a truce was concluded between Athens and Sparta, but its effectiveness was at once imperilled by Brasidas's refusal to give up Scione. The town had revolted two days after the truce began and Brasidas shortly afterward occupied Mende. An Athenian fleet under Nicias and Nicostratus recovered Mende and blockaded Scione, which fell two years later (421 B.C.). In April 422 Cleon, leader of the war party in Athens was despatched to Thrace, where he prepared for an attack on Amphipolis. But a carelessly conducted reconnaissance gave Brasidas the opportunity for a vigorous and successful sally. The Athenian army was routed with a loss of 600 men and Cleon was slain. On the Spartan side only seven men are said to have fallen, but amongst them was Brasidas. He was buried at Amphipolis with impressive pomp, and for the future was regarded as the founder of the city and honoured with yearly games and sacrifices.
Brasidas united the personal courage characteristic of Spartans with those virtues in which the typical Spartan was most signally lacking. He was quick in forming his plans and carried them out without delay or hesitation, and with an oratorical power rare amongst the Lacedaemonians he combined a conciliatory manner which everywhere won friends for himself and for Sparta.
—Uses Excerpts from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Key events during the life of Brasidas:
|Relieved the city of Methone from a surprise attack by Athens.|
|Leads an assault on the Athenians at Pylos.|
|Campaign in Thessaly and Thrace culminates in capture of Amphipolis.|
|Torpedoed 'Peace' proposal between Athens and Sparta by refusing to give up the town of Scione.|
|Died at the Battle of Amphipolis.|Other Resources
|Peace Maker in||Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition by Alfred J. Church|
|Brasidas Loses His Shield in||The Story of Greece by Mary Macgregor|
|Brasidas the Spartan in||The Story of Greece by Mary Macgregor|
|Amphipolus Surrenders to Brasidas in||The Story of Greece by Mary Macgregor|
|Struggle Between Athens and Sparta in||The Story of the Greek People by Eva March Tappan|
He became a target for every arrow.
in The Story of Greece
|Historian of Peloponnesian War. An Athenian general sent into exile after he failed a mission.|
|Spartan King during the early years of Peloponnesian War. Sought peace with Athens, but was forced into the war.|
|War mongering politician, opposed Sparta's peace proposals.|