|ST. MARGARET AND MALCOLM CANMORE|
Malcolm Canmore was an exceptionally long-ruling king of Scotland, whose reign extended from
the fall of the Usurper Macbeth, through the first twenty-five years of Norman rule in
England. Malcolm's second wife was Margaret of Scotland, an exiled Saxon princess. Under
her influence, Malcolm supported the Saxon cause against the Normans for many years and
at the same time she impressed the entire Scottish court with her piety and charity.
Malcolm Canmore was the son of Duncan, whom Macbeth killed when he usurped the throne
of Scotland. Malcolm had taken refuge in England and spent his youth there during most
of Macbeth's seventeen year reign. When he reached adulthood, his English allies tried
to help him recover the throne in 1054, but failed. Three years later, another attempt
was successful, and Malcolm was crowned king of the Scots.
In 1066 William the Conqueror invaded England and displaced the Saxon rule with a Norman
one, an event which had repercussions throughout the British Isles. The Saxon claimant
to the throne was Edgar (son of Edmund Ironside), and after the conquest he fled to
Scotland with his sister Margaret and was received hospitably by Malcolm. Malcolm
soon married the lovely Saxon princess Margaret, who was afterward known as St. Margaret
of Scotland. Malcolm later led a Scottish army into Northumbria to support Edgar's cause,
but eventually made peace with William the Conqueror, who had systematically reduced
all opposition to his rule in most of England. The death of William the Conqueror
brought a new round of conflict however, between Malcolm and William Rufus, which was
related to an ongoing conflict between William Rufus and his elder brother Robert.
In 1091, Rufus confiscated Edgar's property in England, and in retaliation, Malcolm
led and army into Northumbria. He was killed there, along with his eldest son at the
Battle of Alne. Queen Margaret was so distressed at the news that she herself died
Key events during the life of Malcolm Canmore:
||Malcolm Canmore born, son of Duncan, king of Scotland.
||Macbeth murders Duncan and usurps the throne of Scotland.
||English allies of Malcolm invade Scotland but fail to win the crown for him.
||Macbeth is killed by his Scottish enemies. Canmore crowned king of Scotland.
||Scots invade Northumbria and plunder Lindisfarne
||William the Conqueror is crowned king of England
||Margaret and Edgar, the exiled Saxon heirs take refuge at Malcolm's court.
||Married Saint Margaret of Scotland.
||Led campaign into Northumbria to support the claim of Edgar.
||William the Conqueror marches to Scotland and Malcolm submits.
||Death of William the Conqueror. William Rufus assumes the throne.
||William Rufus confiscates Edgar's property in England. He flees to Scotland.
||Malcolm and his eldest son killed in the Battle of Alne.
|Margaret of Scotland
||Wife of Malcolm III of Scotland. Pius and noble Queen. Mother of Maude the Good.
||Murdered Duncan, the rightful king of Scotland. Ruled until he was murdered by MacDuff.
||Brother of St. Margaret and rightful heir to the Saxon thone.
|William the Conqueror
||Claimed the crown of England and won it at the Battle of Hastings. Ruled forcefully but justly.
||Son of William the Conqueror. A bad and brutal king. Killed in the New Forest.