Samuel de Champlain


Samuel de Champlain—the "Father of New France"—was a French naval officer and explorer who founded the city of Quebec. He served as geographer in the court of King Henry IV for several years before he was permitted voyage to America alongside a number of well-respected explorers. Once there, he traveled down the St. Lawrence River, mapping the land as he went. He was forced to halt his study of northern New France for a time while he searched for sites for a permanent settlement, but he renewed the enterprise with earnest in 1608. He ascended the St. Lawrence and founded Quebec, later discovering the nearby lake that now bears his name. He spent several years promoting the fur trade and exploring the region around the great lakes, and he worked to improve relations between the French and the Native Americans. Returning to New France after a four-year hiatus, he was appointed governor of Canada. He wrote several narratives of his voyages and discoveries, which were published shortly before his death. He passed away in 1635 after suffering a severe stroke.

Key events during the life of Samuel de Champlain:

First voyage to Canada
Second voyage to Canada, founded Quebec
Discovered lake that now bears his name
Appointed governor of Canada
Published several narratives of his voyages and discoveries

Other Resources

Story Links
Book Links
Early European Intercourse with the Indians  in  Indian History for Young Folks  by  Francis S. Drake
Iroquois  in  Indian History for Young Folks  by  Francis S. Drake
Down the Mississippi  in  Story of the Thirteen Colonies  by  H. A. Guerber
Samuel de Champlain, the Father of New France in  Canada: Peeps at History  by  Beatrice Home
Father of New France  in  The Men Who Found America  by  Frederick Winthrop Hutchinson
Father of New France  in  Our Empire Story  by  H. E. Marshall
Champlain and the Iroquois  in  Historical Tales, Vol I: American  by  Charles Morris
Founding of Quebec  in  The Awakening of Europe  by  M. B. Synge
Champlain Discovers Lake Ontario  in  A Book of Discovery  by  M. B. Synge

Image Links

Samuel de Champlain
 in Indian History for Young Folks

Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635), First Governor of French Canada
 in Canada: Peeps at History

Champlain came back to the St. Lawrence River and began to build a little city called Quebec.
 in The Men Who Found America

Samuel de Champlain at about the age of Sixty-Five
 in Builders of Our Country: Book I

Champlain Monument in Quebec
 in Builders of Our Country: Book I

The defeat of the Iroquois by Champlain and his party on Lake Champlain
 in A Book of Discovery

Short Biography
Henry IV Popular Huguenot King who converted to Catholicism, but decreed religious toleration.