In Greek legend, Codrus was the last king of Athens. According to the story, it was prophesied at the time of the
Dorian invasion of Peloponnesus (circa 1068 B.C.) that only the death of their king at the enemy's hands could
ensure victory to the Athenians. Devoting himself to his country, Codrus, in the disguise of a peasant, made
his way into the enemy's camp, and provoked a quarrel with some Dorian soldiers. He fell, and the Dorians,
on discovering that Codrus had been slain, retreated homeward, despairing of success. No one being thought
worthy to succeed Codrus, the title of king was abolished, and that of archon substituted for it.