~ 1000 BC

In Greek legend, Codrus was the last king of Athens. According to the story, it was prophesied at the time of the Dorian invasion of Peloponnesus (circa 1068 B.C.) that only the death of their king at the enemy's hands could ensure victory to the Athenians. Devoting himself to his country, Codrus, in the disguise of a peasant, made his way into the enemy's camp, and provoked a quarrel with some Dorian soldiers. He fell, and the Dorians, on discovering that Codrus had been slain, retreated homeward, despairing of success. No one being thought worthy to succeed Codrus, the title of king was abolished, and that of archon substituted for it.

Other Resources

Story Links
Book Links
Heroic Death of Codrus  in  The Story of the Greeks  by  H. A. Guerber
Last King of Athens  in  The Story of Greece  by  Mary Macgregor
Early Days of Athens: The Laws of Solon  in  The Story of the Greek People  by  Eva March Tappan