Coriolanus

(Caius Marcius Coriolanus)

500–450 BC
Civilization: Roman — Rome
   Field of Renown:  military — Traitor
Era:  Early Republic

coriolanus
"OH MOTHER, THOU HAST SAVED ROME, BUT THOU HAST LOST THY SON."
Coriolanus was a brave Roman nobleman, who was respected by the patricians but disliked by the plebeians, in spite of his achievements. He narrowly missed being elected consul, but then was exiled from Rome due to a dispute with the lower classes. He went to the camp of Romeís enemies, and offered to lead their army against Rome, to win back the same territory he had helped Rome take away from them. He was at the very gates of Rome, but turned back when his mother and wife were brought to the camp to plead with him.

Coriolanus was the basis of one of Shakespeareís historical plays.


Key events during the life of Coriolanus:


Year
Event
496 BC
Fought in the Battle of Regillus, crowned as a hero.
493 BC
Captured town of Corioli.
492 BC
Lost consulship due to plebeians, then was exiled.
491 BC
Led Volscian army against Rome.
  Put to death by the Volscians for treason.


Contemporary
Short Biography
Venturia Mother of Coriolanus.
Valeria Roman noblewoman who asked Venturia for help.
Tullus Aufidius Chieftain of the Volscians.


Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
Story of Old Rome  in  Fifty Famous People  by  James Baldwin
Coriolanus  in  Stories From Livy  by  Alfred J. Church
Of Caius Marcius Coriolanus  in  Stories from Roman History  by  Lena Dalkeith
How a Woman Saved Rome  in  Tales of the Romans: The Children's Plutarch  by  F. J. Gould
Story of Coriolanus  in  The Story of the Romans  by  H. A. Guerber
Coriolanus  in  Famous Men of Rome  by  John H. Haaren & A. B. Poland
Caius Marcius Coriolanus  in  Our Young Folks' Plutarch  by  Rosalie Kaufman
Coriolanus and His Mother Veturia  in  The Story of Rome  by  Mary Macgregor
Revenge of Coriolanus  in  Historical Tales: Roman  by  Charles Morris
Coriolanus  in  On the Shores of the Great Sea  by  M. B. Synge
Coriolanus  in  Plutarch's Lives W. H. Weston  by  


Image Links


Coriolanus and his mother
 in Fifty Famous People

The mother of Coriolanus pleads with her son.
 in Stories From Livy

Coriolanus at the gates of Rome
 in Stories from Roman History

Coriolanus before Rome
 in The Story of the Romans

Pleading with Coriolanus
 in Famous Men of Rome

Coriolanus Yields to the Entreaty of his Wife and Mother
 in Famous Men of Rome

Coriolanus and his Mother
 in Our Young Folks' Plutarch

O my mother, thou hast saved Rome, but thou hast lost thy son.'
 in The Story of Rome

You have saved Rome, but lost your son.'
 in On the Shores of the Great Sea

Coriolanus and the Matrons of Rome
 in Plutarch's Lives W. H. Weston