|M. AND MADAME CURIE.|
Born Maria Sklodowska, Madame Curie grew up to become one of the most famous female
scientists in history. She conducted studies in the areas of Physics and Chemistry,
and she was awarded Nobel Prizes for her work in each. She is most famous for
discovering two extremely radioactive elements, polonium and radium, and for using
the latter to assist wounded soldiers in World War I.
Marie lived her early life in Poland but left for Paris to study at the University
of Paris, where she obtained degrees in Physics and Mathematical Sciences. There
she met and married the leading Professor of Physics, Pierre Curie, and they performed
many experimental researches together. After Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity,
Marie and her husband were able to isolate two radioactive elements, radium and polonium.
Marie also discovered a process that would isolate radium from radioactive residue
so that she might better study the element and aptly employ its healing properties.
After her husbandís abrupt death in 1906, Madame Curie took his place as Professor
of General Physics, a position never before held by a woman. She was also later appointed
Director of the Curie Laboratory in the University of Paris, founded in 1914. During
World War I, she and her elder daughter promoted the use of radium to relieve suffering,
and she spent much of her time devoted to this cause. She continued to work in Poland,
and in 1922 U.S. President Hoover and the American friends of science presented her
with $50,000 for the purchase of radium for use in her Warsaw lab. She was much
respected throughout the scientific world, and she was a member of both the Conseil
du Physique Solvay and the Committee of Intellectual Co-operation of the League of
Nations. She received both the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903, along with her husband,
and in 1911 she received the same award for her work in the field of Chemistry.
Madame Curie passed away in Savoy, France on July 4, 1934.
Key events during the life of Madame Curie:
||Born in Warsaw, Poland
||Went to France to study at the University of Paris
||Married Pierre Curie
||Gained her Doctor of Science degree
||Awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics
||Death of her husband Pierre
||Took her husband's place as Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences
||Became a member of the Conseil du Physique Solvay
||Recieved a second Nobel Prize, this time for Chemistry
||the Curie Labortory in the Radium Institute of the University of Paris was founded, Marie was appointed Director
||President Hoover presented Curie with $50,000 to buy materials for her laboratory
||Died in Savoy, France following an illness
||Husband of Marie Curie, discoverer of radioactive elements and professor at the University of Paris
||U.S. President at the start of the Great Depression who failed to solve financial problems
||Discoverer of radioactivity. Conducted several experiements on the properties of uranium
||Made important discoveries in thermodynamics and electricity.
||Father of nuclear physics. Advocated the orbital theory of the atom.
|J. J. Thomson
||Discovered the electron, and also the isotope.