Sir James Douglas, better known as "The Black Douglas" was the most faithful servant of Robert the Bruce during the. His father had served under William Wallace and after the Battle of Falkirk his lands had been confiscated and he died in an English prison. James himself had been sent to France for safety. He returned to Scotland the same year that Robert the Bruce killed his rival Red Comyn and had himself crowned king. Douglas, lacking any estate to return to, threw in his entire lot with Bruce and shared all his fortunes. He shared his hardships during the early years, as he hid from the army of Edward I., he helped Bruce recover Scottish lands from the English after the death of Edward I, and he fought with him at Bannockburn.
Douglas continued to fight for Scotland on behalf of Bruce, and in his spare time, to torment
the English. Eight years after his defeat at Bannockburn, Edward II launched another
campaign in Scotland but was soundly repulsed. Douglas continued his border raids even after
Edward was deposed in favor of his son. When Robert the Bruce died, he requested that his
heart be carried to the holy land and buried in Jerusalem, and Douglas was appointed for this
mission. Instead of going to the holy lands, however, they were called to serve in the
wars in Spain, as the Christians there sought to reconquer their lands from the Moslems.
Douglas was killed in battle while fighting in Spain.
|Birth of James Douglas to Sir William Douglas, a supporter of William Wallace.|
|Sent to France for safety after the Battle of Falkirk.|
|Returned to Scotland, estates were confiscated. Joined forces with Robert Bruce.|
|Attacked the English garrison in Douglas castle.|
|Death of Edward I.|
|With Robert Bruce, take back most of Scottish territory controlled by English.|
|Second in command at Battle of Bannockburn.|
|Conducts border raids in the "marches" and border areas.|
|Captured Berkwick from the English.|
|Edward II, campaigns in Scotland and is driven back.|
|Edward II is deposed. Douglas resumes border raids of England.|
|Death of the Black Douglas while crusading against Moslems in Spain.|
|Black Douglas in||Fifty Famous Stories Retold by James Baldwin|
|Bruce—How Two Castles Were Won in||Scotland's Story by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall|
Don't be so sure about that!'
in Fifty Famous Stories Retold
|Scottish nobleman who claimed the crown and led resistance to England at Bannockburn.|
|Competent and decisive king of England. Reformed government, pacified Wales and Scotland. Ruled 35 years.|
|Weak and profligate son of Edward I. Lost all his father's holdings in Scotland.|