Mary Dyer was born in England, and during her childhood she was an occasional
guest in the court of Charles I. At the age of 22, she married William Dyer, and
soon afterward the two set sail for America, arriving at the Massachusetts Bay
Colony. In 1637, she joined with Anne Hutchinson and began to promote her ideas
of antimonianism, believing that, because Protestantism relied on faith alone
for salvation, one need not depend on the clergy to understand the Word of God.
She and her husband were banished along with the Hutchinsons, and after their
departure authorities learned that Mary had recently given birth to a deformed
stillborn child. The baby was dug up and its hideous countenance used as
further proof of the Dyers' sacreligious preaching. The couple, meanwhile, had
moved to Rhode Island and soon left once more for a visit to England, where Mary
became a Quaker. Upon her return to America, she traveled to Boston on several
occasions to protest their laws banning Quakers from joining the colony, and
each time she was arrested and exiled. Finally, following a close escape and
subsequent return, she was sentenced to death by hanging. She died a martyr—one
of the four famous Boston Martyrs—and after her death she was buried in Newport,
Key events during the life of dyer:
||Born in England.
||Married William Dyer.
||Arrived in America.
||Joined with Anne Hutchinson to turn faithful men and women against the clergy.
||Gave birth to a deformed stillborn baby.
||Banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony along with Hutchinson, moved to Rhode Island.
||Travelled to England and joined the Quakers.
||Convicted and hanged for defying Puritan anti-Quaker laws.
||Female preacher who was exiled from the Plymouth colony, and later with Roger Williams, founded Rhode Island.
||Religious dissident. Founded Rhode Island and asserted freedom of religion.
||Early governor of the Plymouth colony in Massachusetts. Later was beheaded during the English Civil Wars.
||Last Dutch governor of New Amsterdam. Responsible for many improvements during his administration.
||Led a group of volunteers form Montreal to ambush a force of Iroquois. The entire force was killed to a man.