Guy Fawkes

1570–1606
Civilization: British — England
   Field of Renown:  hero — Rebel
Era:  Stuart

fawkes
STERN MEN WITH DRAWN SWORDS CLOSED IN UPON HIM.
Guy Fawkes is the most famous character associate with the Catholic plot to blow up Parliament that occurred during the early reign of James I. He was the explosives expert of the group and was the first conspirator discovered on site. He was not, however, the master-mind of the plot, nor did he have any role other than carrying out the actual explosion. The plan to overthrow the Protestant government by blowing up Parliament, and placing a Catholic claimant on the throne was the brain-child of Robert Catesby, and a group of other Catholic nobles. The plot was discovered however, when several members of parliament got cryptic messages telling them to stay away on a particular day.

Guy Fawkes was in his mid thirties at the time of the conspiracy. He was born in England but had spent most of the previous decade fighting for the Catholic cause in the Netherlands. It was during his years as a soldier that he became something of an explosives expert. When the plot was uncovered he was caught red-handed, with a torch in hand, ready to ignite the explosives. He was tortured for four days but failed to reveal any of his co-conspirators. By the time he was put on trial, some had left the country, but others had taken up arms. He was convicted of treason, and then hung, drawn, and quartered.


Key events during the life of Guy Fawkes:


Year
Event
1570
Guy Fawkes born.
1593
Fought for the Catholic cause in the Netherlands. Became explosives expert.
1596
Present at the siege of Calais.
1602
Returned to England.
1605
Explosives expert for the Gunpower Plot.
1606
Tried and executed for treason.

Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
Story of Guy Fawkes  in  Our Island Story  by  H. E. Marshall
What Gunpowder Plot Was  in  The Tudors and the Stuarts  by  M. B. Synge


Image Links


Stern men with drawn swords closed in upon him.
 in Our Island Story

The Gunpowder Conspirators
 in The Tudors and the Stuarts


Contemporary
Short Biography
James I First Stuart king of England. Intelligent and competent, but unable to work effectively with Parliament.
Robert Catesby Master mind of the Catholic Gunpower plot.