Henry Hudson


Little is know of Henry Hudson's life other than the four voyages for which he is famous. The first two were undertaken on behalf of the Muscovy company of England, and the object was to find a path from Europe to China by passing North of Russia during the summer months. It was thought that the ice melted for long enough during the summer that a ship might be able to pass along the northern shore of Russia, but Hudson failed in these endeavors, and became far more interested in search for a passage by way of North America.

In 1609 Hudson undertook his most famous voyage on behalf the Dutch East India Company. During this trip he explored Chesapeake Bay, Delaware Bay, and followed the Hudson river as far as Albany. He met with Indians on this trip and returns with great quantities of furs and other valuables, and claimed the territory around the Hudson River for Holland. The following year, he determined to return to the Americas, this time under the flag of England. This time he sailed farther North and entered Hudson Bay. He was unable to complete his explorations before winter set in, so the crew wintered on the southern shore of Hudson Bay. When he tried to resume his explorations the following year however, most of his crew mutinied, and he was cast adrift with his son and several other loyal followers. The crew returned to England.

Key events during the life of Henry Hudson:

Birth of Henry Hudson
Hired by Muscovy company to find passage to China by way of Northern Europe.
Second attempt to find passage to China from Norwegian Sea fails.
Explored Chesapeake Bay, Delaware Bay, and the Hudson River.
Returned to America under the British Flag. Wintered in Canada.
Perished during a mutiny in Hudson Bay.

Other Resources

Story Links
Book Links
The Half-moon  in  The Story of Liberty  by  Charles C. Coffin
Early European Intercourse with the Indians  in  Indian History for Young Folks  by  Francis S. Drake
Henry Hudson  in  A First Book in American History  by  Edward Eggleston
Hudson and the Indians  in  Story of the Thirteen Colonies  by  H. A. Guerber
Englishman Who Sailed for the Dutch  in  The Men Who Found America  by  Frederick Winthrop Hutchinson
Story of Henry Hudson  in  Our Empire Story  by  H. E. Marshall
Story of Henry Hudson  in  The Awakening of Europe  by  M. B. Synge
Hudson Finds His Bay  in  A Book of Discovery  by  M. B. Synge

Image Links

Hendrik Hudson
 in Indian History for Young Folks

Henry stopped by ice
 in A First Book in American History

The Half Moon visited by Indians
 in A First Book in American History
Hudson and the Indians
Hudson and the Indians
 in A First Book in American History

Henry Hudson got many furs from the Indians and made them all his friends.
 in The Men Who Found America

These cruel men meant to turn Hudson adrift on the icy waters.
 in Our Empire Story

Henry Hudson
 in Builders of Our Country: Book I

The Indians Beg Hudson to Stay with Them
 in Builders of Our Country: Book I

Short Biography
James I First Stuart king of England. Intelligent and competent, but unable to work effectively with Parliament.