James I

(James I of Scotland)

1394–1437

James I of Scotland
BRAVE CATHERINE TRIED IN VAIN TO HOLD BACK THE ASSASSINS.
James I was one of the early Stuart Kings, and was renowned for being a poet as well as a prince. He was captured by the English as a boy in 1406 while he was on the way to France. The English kept him imprisoned for 18 years, but treated him kindly, and provided him with English tutors. During his captivity he fell in love and married a relation of the English king, Henry Bolingbroke. His uncle, the Duke of Albany could have paid the ransom earlier, but declined to do so, and he was not able to return to Scotland and be crowned until he was nearly thirty years old.

He ruled the country wisely and maintained good relationships with the English. Eventually, however, he was assassinated during a complicated clan related dispute.


Key events during the life of James I of Scotland.:


Year
Event
1394
Birth of James I of Scotland
1406
Captured and imprisoned by the English for 18 years.
  Wrote The Kingis Quair and other poems while in captivity.
1423
Married Joan Beaufort in London.
1424
Crowned king of Scotland.
1437
James I assassinated by traitors.

Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
King James I of Scotland  in  Cambridge Historical Reader—Primary  by  Cambridge Press
Poet King  in  English Literature for Boys and Girls  by  H. E. Marshall
James I.—The Beautiful Lady of the Garden  in  Scotland's Story  by  Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall


Image Links


King James I of Scotland
 in Cambridge Historical Reader—Primary

For there in the garden walked the fairest lady he had ever seen
 in Scotland's Story

Brave Catherine tried in vain to keep them back
 in Scotland's Story


Contemporary
Short Biography
Henry IV Son of John of Gaunt. Assumed the throne after Richard II was deposed.
Joan Beaufort Cousin of Henry VI and
Duke of Albany Uncle of James I, and regent for much of his reign.