Josephus is one of the major historians of ancient times, and is an especially good source for the history of Judea during the first century A.D. He was a Jewish noble who distinguished himself as a scholar at a young age.
Josephus is sometimes considered a traitor to the Jewish cause because of his support for the Romans in this effort, but, to be fair, the rebellion in Judea was largely an uprising of the lower classes against the upper classes, who mainly favored cooperation with the Romans. Josephus was by no means alone in his allegiance to the Romans over the rebel factions of the Jews, and, in fact, had he succeeded in his negotiations, hundreds of thousands of Jewish lives might have been saved.
The major works of Josephus were War of the Jews, a first person account of the Jewish uprising, and subsequent war with the Romans, and Antiquities of the Jews, which explains the history and culture of the Jews. He also wrote three minor works, including his Autobiography, Hades, and Against Apion. His works were not widely read among Romans during his own time, but were read and preserved among Christians, who took a great interest in Jewish history. He is also known as the only contemporary non-Christian historian who gives an account of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
|Became a Pharisee, and a recognized Jewish scholar, when only nineteen.|
|Sent to negotiate release of priests held hostage by Rome.|
|Returned to Judea to find country on brink of rebellion.|
|Led Jews during siege of Jotapata. Josephus captured by Romans.|
|Titus takes over command from Vespasian. Josephus was released, given Roman citizenship.|
|Worked as translator and negotiator for Titus during siege of Jerusalem.|
|Fall of Jerusalem, destruction of temple.|
|Returned to Rome with Titus, and lived at the Flavian court.|
|Published The Jewish War|
|Published Antiquities of the Jews.|
|Of Josephus and the Besieging of Jotapata in||Last Days of Jerusalem by Alfred J. Church|
|Siege of Jerusalem in||The Story of the Romans by H. A. Guerber|
|Siege of Jerusalem in||Historical Tales: Roman by Charles Morris|
|Second Flavian emperor. Conquered Jerusalem. Reigned with father Vespasian.|
|First emperor of humble origins. Founder of Flavian dynasty.|
|Leader of the Jewish faction holding Jerusalem, which refused to surrender.|