Ideas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas. — Joseph Stalin

Maria Louisa

(Maria Louisa of Parma)

1751–1819
Civilization: Hispanic — Spain
   Field of Renown:  monarch — Queen Consort
Era:  Bourbon

Notorious bourbon Queen of Charles IV, who promoted her incompetent favorite Godoy to prime minister.

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Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
Charles IV and Maria Louisa  in  The Romance of Spanish History  by  John S.C. Abbott
The Old King and the New One  in  A Child's History of Spain  by  John Bonner
Spain Under the Bourbons  in  Story of the Greatest Nations: Spain  by  Charles F. Horne