Maria Louisa

(Maria Louisa of Parma)


Notorious bourbon Queen of Charles IV, who promoted her incompetent favorite Godoy to prime minister.

Other Resources

Story Links
Book Links
Charles IV and Maria Louisa  in  The Romance of Spanish History  by  John S.C. Abbott
The Old King and the New One  in  A Child's History of Spain  by  John Bonner
Spain Under the Bourbons  in  Story of the Greatest Nations: Spain  by  Charles F. Horne