|THEY CRASHED INTO THE PERSIAN ARMY WITH TREMENDOUS FORCE|
Miltiades was a descendent of a noble Athenian family. He spent the early part of his career in control of important
family properties on the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea. During these years, he had many adventures involving
the Persians, and often cooperated with them. With his fleet, he accompanied Darius on his ill-fated Scythian
invasion, and was left with Histiaeus to guard the bridge over the Danube. When Darius did not return after sixty days,
he recommended leaving the area, but was over-ruled. In the next decade he took was charged with capturing several
islands for Athens, including Lemnos and Imbrose. The Persians were displeased with him, but even more so, when he
aided some of the Greek colonies that rebelled against Persia between 499 and 494 B
. When Mardonius began
to prepare for an Invasion over the Bosporus in 492 B
. Miltiades fled to Athens, and was elected by his clan
as its General. From this position, he assumed the leadership of the Athenian troops at the battle of Marathon, many
other Generals deferring to him, do to his superior knowledge and experience with the Persian enemy.
The battle of Marathon was a stunning success, and won Miltiades great fame, but powerful enemies. He used
his victory to convince Athens to provide a fleet for him to embark on a dubious mission to capture the island
of Paros. It is unclear exactly what his motive for doing this was, but in any case, the mission was a failure,
and he returned to Athens severely injured and disgraced. His enemies insisted that he pay back the treasury of
Athens for the cost of the mission, but he had not the funds to pay the fine at the time he died.
Key events during the life of miltiades:
||Sent from Athens to take control of Chersonese region (on the Crimean Peninsula).
||Accompanied Darius on his invasion of Scythia. Left to guard the bridge. Recommended leaving.
||Captured Islands of Lemnos and Imbrose for Athens.
||Aided Ionian revolt against Persia in Asia Minor. Incurred wrath of Darius.
||Fled to Athens before the first (failed) Greek invasion lead by Mardonius.
||Hero of Marathon. Recommended fighting immediately instead of waiting for the Spartans.
||Lead failed expedition to Palos. Returned in disgrace, and died of injuries.
Flight of Miltiades
||Very close advisor to Darius, rescued him from disaster in Scythia, later rebelled. Father in law of Aristagoras.
||Athenian hero of the Battle of Salamis. He masterminded Athenian naval supremacy.
||Athenian General and Statesman. Fought at Marathon, Salamis; created Delian League.
||Polemarch (leader)of Athenian troops at Marathon; deferred to Miltiades; killed in action.
|Darius the Great
||With six conspirators seized the throne of Persia, primarily through craft rather than force.
||Exiled son of Pisistratus; helped lead Persian forces against Athens at Marathon.
||Persian general under Darius, who led the expedition against Athens at Marathon.
||Brother of Darius, Satrap of Lydia during Ionian Rebellion. Lead Persian forces at Marathon.
||Athenian statesman and general. Fought Persians in Ionia after the war. Friend of Sparta.
||Priestess of the Island of Paros.