(Publius Valerius)d. 508 BC
|DEATH OF LUCRETIA, PINTA|
Publicola, also known as Publius Valerius, was one the founding members of the Roman Republic, along
with Junius Brutus, and the husband of Lucretia. He fought in the early wars against Lars Porsenna
and other allies of Tarquin Superbus. He became consul after the death of his ally, Brutus.
Although he was well liked at first, the people became suspicious that he might try to
become king. He dispelled these fears by tearing down his great house on top of a hill,
and moving it to the bottom. He was elected consul during the war against Porsenna.
He then did everything is his power as consul, to increase the liberties of the people.
He became so popular, that he earned the nickname Publicola (the people’s friend.)
Key events during the life of Publicola:
||Vows, along with Brutus, to avenge Lucretia.
||Assumes leadership at death of Brutus; Has Rome's first triumph.
||Moves house to bottom of hill to appease critics.
||Elected consul; passes laws guaranteeing rights of people.
||Elected consul second time; war against Lars Porsenna.
||Sends daughter as hostage to Porsenna.
||Elected consul; dies in office.
||First Consul of Rome; executed sons for plotting against the republic.
||Etruscan king, and supporter of the Tarquins who raised an army to march against Rome.
||Hero who held the Sublican Bridge against Porsena's entire army.
||Hero who burned his right hand to defy Porsena.