Philip Schuyler

1733–1804

Schuyler
PHILIP SCHUYLER
Born into an affluent family, Philip Schuyler was a general in the American Revolutionary War who later served as a U.S. Senator from New York. Schulyerís father passed away when he was only seven, and the young boy was sent to his motherís familyís estate to be educated. During the French and Indian War, Philip raised a militia company and was chosen as its captain by his cousin, Lt. Governor James Delancey. That same year, he married Catherine Van Rensselaer, cementing his relationship with yet another wealthy New York family. Schuyler continued to serve in the army after his marriage, taking on the additional post of quartermaster, and in 1761 he made a trip to England for supplies, during which his mansion in Albany was built. Upon his return, he also began construction on a country estate in Saratoga, which housed a store and several mills on its expansive acreage.

Schuyler first entered the political scene in 1768, when he joined the New York Assembly. He served in the position until 1775, when he was elected to the Continental Congress for a brief period before being made a Major General in the Continental Army. He took command of the Northern Department and began planning an invasion of Canada, though he later became too ill to lead the mission. Schuyler also prepared a defense against the British Saratoga Campaign, but he soon found himself replaced as general by Horatio Gates, who had accused Philip of reckless behavior while on duty. The Army, with Gates now at its head, went on to win the Battle of Saratoga, a major turning point during the war.

Schuylerís charges were later dropped, and he resigned from the military in April 1779. He went on to serve in two more assemblies of the Continental Congress, once in 1779 and again in 1780. After the second session, he was elected to the New York Senate as well as made New York State Surveyor General. In 1789, he became a senator in the first U.S. Congress, and after losing a second election he regained the position in 1797. He retired after only one year due to poor health, and in 1804 he passed away.


Key events during the life of Philip Schuyler:


Year
Event
1733
Born.
1740
Father passed away.
1755
Served as captain during the French and Indian War..
  Married Catherine Van Rensselaer.
1761-62
Travelled to England for supplies for the French and Indian War.
  His Albany mansion was built.
1762
Expanded his country estate at Saratoga.
1768-1775
Served in the New York Assembly.
1775
Elected to the Continental Congress.
  Appointed a Major General in the Continental Army.
  Invasion of Canada.
1777
Replaced by General Horatio Gates.
1779
Resigned from the army.
1780-84
Served in the NY State Senate.
1781-84
Served as New York State Survyor General.
1786-90
Returned to the State Senate.
1789-91
Elected a U.S. Senator.
1792-97
Returned to the State Senate.
1797-98
Elected once more to the U.S. Senate.
1804
Died.

Other Resources


Story Links
Book Links
French and Indian Wars  in  Indian History for Young Folks  by  Francis S. Drake
How Schuyler was Saved  in  America First—100 Stories from Our History  by  Lawton B. Evans
The Fight at Bennington  in  Story of the Thirteen Colonies  by  H. A. Guerber
War in Canada  in  This Country of Ours  by  H. E. Marshall
Philip Schuyler and Burgoyne's Campaign  in  Builders of Our Country: Book II  by  Gertrude van Duyn Southworth


Image Links


Philip Schuyler
 in Builders of Our Country: Book II


Contemporary
Short Biography
George Washington Leader of the Continental Army of the U.S. during the Revolutionary War, and first President.
Horatio Gates Leading Patriot General during the Revolutionary war. Credited with winning the Battle of Saratoga.
John Stark 'Hero of Bennington' during the American Revolution. Fought with Rogers' Rangers during French Indian War.