|FAMOUS ROMAN WRITERS|
Seneca is known both as a Stoic philosopher, and as a minister of Nero. He came from a wealthy family and earned a good
reputation as an orator and writer. He was a minister in the court of Claudius, but went into exile for seven years
due to a scandal involving a daughter of Germanicus. During his exile in Sardinia he wrote letters and plays and
tried to mend his relations with the imperial family. After seven years, Agrippina, by now married to Claudius,
recalled Seneca to be tutor for her son Nero. Five years later, upon the death of Claudius, Nero assumed the imperial
throne and Seneca become one of Nero's chief ministers, along with Burrhus, the praetorian prefect. As Nero was
only 17 at the time he ascended to power, Seneca's influence was great, and on the whole, beneficial.
In time however,
Nero came under the influence of other, less wholesome characters, most notably Poppaea, who encouraged Nero
to murder his wife, and his mother. The influence of Seneca lessened with the rise of some of Nero's
other favorites, and when his close associate Burrhus was put to death in 62 A.D., Seneca retired entirely from
court. When a conspiracy to assassinate Nero was uncovered three years later, Seneca was forced to commit
suicide, although there was no particular evidence against him. Many of Seneca's writings are still extant.
Key events during the life of Seneca:
||Exiled by Claudius.
||Wrote plays and letters while in exile.
||Recalled by Agrippina to become tutor of Nero.
||Death of Claudius, Nero assumes imperial Throne.
||With Burrhus, Praetorian Prefect, administered government under Nero.
||Murder of Agrippina; Seneca's position at court becomes precarious.
||Retired from Court after Burrhus put to death.
||Accused of involvement in conspiracy. Forced to commit suicide.
||Fifth emperor. Murdered mother, wife, and brother. Fiddled while Rome burned.
||Fourth emperor. Manipulated by wicked wives, Messalina and Agrippina.
||Praetorian prefect. With Seneca administered government under Nero.
|Agrippina the Younger
||Mother of Nero. Murdered Claudius to make way for his rise to the throne.
||Wicked mistress of Nero. Urged him to kill his mother and first wife.