Harriet Beecher Stowe
|HARRIET BEECHER STOWE|
Harriet Beecher was born in Connecticut, the seventh of thirteen children and
the daughter of deeply religious parents. She attended the school run by her
older sister Catharine, where she studied languages, mathematics, and other
subjects typically reserved for young men. At age 21, she moved to Cincinnati,
where her father had been made president of Lane Theological Seminary. In Ohio,
she joined the Semi-Colon literary club, and she married fellow member Calvin
Stowe in 1836. The two later had seven children together.
In 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, ordering that all runaway
slaves be returned to their owners escape. Both Stowe and her husband were
staunchly abolitionist, and she wrote to the sympathetic journal National
Era promising a story about the problems of slavery. That next summer, the
first installment of Uncle Tomís Cabin, originally subtitled ďThe Man
That Was a Thing,Ē was released. Chapters of the story appeared in weekly
issued until April 1852, and the tale was published in book form a month later.
In less than a year, Uncle Tomís Cabin had sold 300,000 copies. The book
brought attention to the issue of slavery, incurring opposition in the South and
adding to the national debate. During the American Civil War, Stowe travelled
to Washington, D.C., where she met with Abraham Lincoln. Later, during the
1870s, her brother was accused of adultery, a national scandal. Although she
believed him innocent, Harriet fled to Florida for a time to escape the negative
publicity. Toward the end of her life, Stowe helped found the Hartford Art
School, later the University of Hartford, and in 1896 she passed away in
Key events during the life of Harriet Beecher Stowe:
||Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio.
||Married Calvin Ellis Stowe.
||Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law.
||Began releasing the story Uncle Tom's Cabin to the National Era.
||Published Uncle Tom's Cabin.
||Met with Abraham Lincoln in Washington, D.C.
||Helped found the Hartford Art School.
||President of the United States during the American Civil War.
||Influential Quaker leader who advocated the rights of women. Held relatively conservative views among early feminists.
|William Lloyd Garrison
||Prominent abolitionist, well-known as the publisher of the Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper.
||Radical abolitionist who condoned violence in order to abolish slavery. Led a raid on the armory in Harper's Ferry.