How many legs does a dog have if you call the tail a leg? Four. Calling a tail a leg does not make it a leg. — Abraham Lincoln

Tariq ibn Ziyad

(Tarik, Taric ben Zeyad)

d. 720
Civilization: Moslem — Berber
   Field of Renown:  military — General
Era:  Moors

Tariq was a Berber general in service to Musa ib Nusaair, the Arab General of North Africa. He is credited with leading the Moors to victory at the Battle of Guadalete, and following up his victory with the swift conquest of most of the rest of Spain. His success, however, made him subject to Musa's jealousy. For several years Tariq served as governor of the Moorish dominions of Hispania, but he was eventually replaced by Musa's son, and called to Damascus to give account. Although he ably defended himself against accusations by Musa, he was not restored to his former position, but instead died at the Umayyad Court in Damascus.

Tariq gave his name to the Rock of Gibralter, known in Arabic as Gibr Tariq, or the Rock of Tariq.

Key events during the life of Tariq ibn Ziyad:

Count Julian approaches Musa with an offer to surrender Ceuta for Moorish aid.
Berbers, led by Tariq prevail over Visigoths at the Battle of Guadalete
Appointed governor of Moorish conquests in Hispania.
Recalled to Damascus due to treachery, and in-fighting among Moors.
Death of Tariq.

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Other Resources

Story Links
Book Links
Moorish Invasion  in  The Romance of Spanish History  by  John S.C. Abbott
The Moorish Conquest  in  A Child's History of Spain  by  John Bonner
Beginnings of Spain  in  Story of the Greatest Nations: Spain  by  Charles F. Horne
Conquest of Spain by the Arabs  in  The Story of Europe  by  Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall
Battle of Guadalete  in  Historical Tales: Spanish  by  Charles Morris
Table of Solomon  in  Historical Tales: Spanish  by  Charles Morris
Invasion from Africa  in  Spain: A History for Young Readers  by  Frederick A. Ober

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Image Links

Tarik laying his conquests at the feet of Musa
 in Story of the Greatest Nations: Spain

Short Biography
Roderic Last king of Visigoth Spain. Died at the Battle of Guadalete.
Musa bin Nusair Umayyad governor of North Africa who organized and directed the Moslem invasion of the Iberian peninsula.
Abdul Aziz Son of Umayyad governor Musa. Ruled in Andalusia until murdered for marrying Exilona.