Tarquin the Elder
(Lucius Tarquinius Priscus)d. 559 BC
|TARQUIN AND THE EAGLE|
Tarquin the Elder was elected the fifth king of Rome. He was from an Etruscan town,
but had come to Rome as a young man, and served as an advisor to King Ancus. He undertook
many great building projects during his reign, including a fortification on Capitoline Hill,
the great sewer (Cloaca Maxima), and the Circus Maximus. He drained and paved the forum in
the center of the city, and began building a wall around the city. He adopted the son of a
slave and married him to his daughter. This angered the sons of Ancus, and they arranged
for his murder.
Key events during the life of Tarquin the Elder:
||Elected fifth king of Rome, on death of Ancus Marcius.
||Drained swamp near forum, and built sewer Cloaca Maxima.
||Built Circus Maximus and instituted games.
||Raised the number of senators from 100 to 300
||Introduced lictors as bodyguards to the king.
||Assassinated by sons of Ancus Marcius.
||Prophetess, wife, and advisor.
||Chief augur and advisor to Tarquin.
||Sixth king, built Servian Wall; helped plebians, murdered by daughter.