(Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (the Proud) )~ 535 BC
|SHE CARRIED IN HER ARMS NINE BOOKS.|
Tarquin Superbus was the seventh and last king of Rome. He gained the throne by the
murder of his father-in-law, Servius Tullius. He then proceeded to consolidate power
by murdering or exiling his enemies in the senate, and repealing the reforms of his
predecessor. It was during his reign that the famous Sibylline books were given to
him by a prophetess from Cumae. Tarquin Superbus made many enemies, and when his
evil son Sextus violated Lucretia, he and his family were driven from the city.
They continued to make trouble for Rome for many more years, by raising armies to try
to regain their throne, until finally Sextus was killed at the Battle of Regillus.
Key events during the life of Tarquin Superbus:
||Ascended to throne after murdering Servius.
||Obtained Sibylline Books.
||War with Volscians; besieged city of Gabii.
||Built Temple of Jupiter on Capitoline Hill.
||Exiled with his entire family from Rome.
||Raised Etruscan army to restore him to the throne.
||Sextus killed in Battle of Regillus—Tarquin retires to Cumae.
||Helped her husband Tarquin Superbus murder her father Sevius Tullus, and seize the throne of Rome.
||Legendary priestes who presided over the Oracle at Cumae. Presented the Sibylline Books to Tarquin Superbus.
||Evil son of Tarquin Superbus.
||First Consul of Rome; executed sons for plotting against the republic.
||Etruscan king, and supporter of the Tarquins who raised an army to march against Rome.