|SCULPTURES FROM PTERIUM, A CITY DESTROYED BY CROESUS.|
Thales of Miletus was one of the famous "Seven Sages of Greece." He is widely regarded as the first
Greek philosopher, as well as the father of science. He is renowned for correctly predicting a solar
eclipse, figuring out how to measure the height of the pyramids in Egypt, calculating the real
length of a solar year to a high degree of accuracy, and also for many other achievements in fields
of philosophy, mathematics, and engineering. His extensive knowledge of astronomy indicates that
he was educated at some point in Egypt or Babylon, which were then the predominant centers of
Thales resided in the city of Miletus, and was highly regarded all over Asia Minor. He
lived for a time at the court of the King of Lydia, and it was during a battle between Lydia and
Medes in 585 B.C., that he famously predicted an eclipse of the sun. Late in his life he
accompanied Croesus on his campaigns against Cyrus, as a military engineer, where he performed
several other marvelous feats. He traveled widely, and is said to have visited his friend Solon
Key events during the life of Thales:
||Predicted an eclipse of the sun, on eve of great battle.
||Accompanied the Army of Croesus on campaign, as a military engineer.
||Wealthy monarch of Lydia who lost his kingdom to Cyrus the Great.
||Rewrote the laws of Athens to better protect poor citizens from the rich.
|Bias of Priene
||Wise man of Greece: taught kindness to enemies; refused riches.
|Pittacus of Mitylene
||Wise man of Greece : brave soldier and teacher who refused crown of Mitylene.
|Cleobulus, King of Rhodes
||Wise man of Greece : handsome, strong and well educated.
|Periander, King of Corinth
||Wise man of Greece : man of great learning, but cruel tyrant.
|Chilon of Lacedaemon
||Wise man of Greece: quit and modest man who worked for good of country.
||Famous Greek Fablist, alledgedly lived at the court of Croesus in Lydia.