~ 488

Vortigern was the king of the Britons at the time of the arrival of the Saxons under Hengest and Horsa. The records do not agree as to the date of the arrival of these chieftains or the motives which led them to come to Britain. It seems clear, however, that Vortigern made use of them to protect his kingdom against the Picts and Scots, and rewarded them for their services with a grant of land. Later we find the Britons at war with the new-comers, now established in Kent, and four battles are fought, in the last of which, the king's son Vortemir, their leading opponent, is slain. The Historia Brittonum is our only authority for the marriage of Vortigern with the daughter of Hengest before the war. It also records the massacre of the British nobles after the death of Vortemir and the subsequent grant of Essex and Sussex to the invaders by Vortigern.

—derived from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Other Resources

Story Links
Book Links
Anglo-Saxons  in  Alfred the Great  by  Jacob Abbott
Story of Vortigern  in  Stories from English History  by  Alfred J. Church
Coming of the English  in  The Story of England  by  Samuel B. Harding
Vortigern and King Constans  in  Our Island Story  by  H. E. Marshall

Image Links

Rowena came into the room carrying a beautiful golden cup.
 in Our Island Story

Short Biography
Hengist and Horsa Two Jute princes were invited to Britain in order to help fight the Picts.
Rowena Daugher of Hengist who marries Vortigern.
Vortemer Son of Vortigern who tried to reclaim Kent for the Britons.