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Paraguayan War

1865 to 1877
Paraguay breaks away from Bolivar's South American Empire.

Noteable Battles

1865  
Battle of Riachuelo   Brazilians victory
Fought June 1865, between the fleets of Paraguay and Brazil. After a sanguinary engagement the advantage rested with the Brazilians.
  
1866  
Battle of Parana   Paraguayans victory
Fought 1866, between the Paraguayans, under Lopez, and the Brazilians, under Porto Alegre. Lopez was victorious.
  
1866  
Battle of Paso de la Patria   Paraguayans victory
Fought 1866, between the Paraguayans, under Lopez, and the Brazilians, under Porto Alegre. The Paraguayans gained a signal victory.
  
1866  
Battle of Curupayti   Paraguayans victory
Fought September 22, 1866, between the troops of Brazil, Argentine and Uruguay, under General Flores, and the Paraguayans under Lopez. The allies were totally defeated, and Flores abandoned the army, returning to Montevideo.
  
1866  
Battle of Humaita   Paraguayans victory
Fought May, 1866, between the Paraguayans, under Lopez, and the Argentinians, under Mitre. Mitre attacked the Paraguayan entrenchments, but was repulsed with heavy loss.
  
1868  
Battle of Angostura   Triple-Alliance victory
Fought December 22 to 27, 1868, between the Paraguayans under Lopez, and the allied armies of the Argentine Republic, Brazil, and Uruguay. Lopez held his position for six days against the greatly superior forces of the allies, but was then compelled to retire, leaving in the hands of the enemy 1,000 prisoners and 6 guns.
  
1868  
Battle of Villeta   Triple-Alliance victory
Fought December is, 1868, between the Paraguayans, under Lopez, and the armies of Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina. Overwhelmed by vastly superior numbers, Lopez was forced to withdraw his forces to the entrenched camp at Angostura.
  
1868  
Battle of Humaita   Paraguayans victory
Fought February, 1868, between the Paraguayan batteries, and a flotilla of Brazilian gun-boats, endeavoring to force the passage. Their attempt was a complete failure, and the whole flotilla was sunk.
  
1868  
Battle of Humaita   Triple-Alliance victory
Fought September, 1868, between the Paraguayans, under Lopez, and the allied armies of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay. The allies largely outnumbered Lopez's forces, and forced him to abandon his entrenchments at Humaita, and retire to Tebienari.
  
1869  
Battle of Caraguatay   Brazilians victory
Fought August 1869, between the Paraguayans under Lopez, and the Brazilians under the Comte d'Eu. After a stubborn engagement the Brazilians were victorious.
  
1870  
Battle of Aquidaban   Triple-Alliance victory
The last stand of the Paraguayans against the allied armies of the Argentine Republic, Brazil, and Uruguay, May 1, 1870. Lopez, with a small force of Paraguayans and 5,000 Indians, met the attack of the allies under General Camera on the banks of the Aquidaban, and after a sanguinary engagement, in which he and the Vice-President Sanchez fell, his army was cut to pieces, and the war ended. During the war the population of Paraguay was reduced from 1,500,000 to 221,000, of whom only 29,000 were males over fifteen years of age.
  
1870  
Battle of San Isidoro   Triple-Alliance victory
Fought April, 1870, between the Paraguayans, under Lopez, and the allied army of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, under General Camera. Camera attacked Lopez's entrenchments and drove him out, forcing him to take refuge in the mountains with the small remnant of his troops.
  
1877  
Battle of Corumba (Archidamian War ) Paraguayans victory
Fought 1877, between the Paraguayans and a Brazilian army corps which was endeavoring to enter Paraguay from the northeast. The Brazilians retired in disorder, being pursued for many miles, and suffering heavy loss. The battle is remarkable for the presence in the Paraguayan army of a corps of Amazons led by Eliza Lynch.
  

Story Links
Book Links
Francia, the Dictator of Paraguay  in  Historical Tales: Spanish American  by  Charles Morris