F Heritage History - Products

Christian Europe—Arts and Culture

800 to 1600
Song of Roland to Machelangelo

Era Summary       Characters       Timeline       Reading Assignments      


Characters—Arts and Culture


Character/Date Short Biography

Visual Arts

Giotto
1267–1337
Painter and Architect of the early Renaissance.
Fra Angelico
1395–1455
Renaissance painter well known for his many Frescos for the Vatican. Recently beatified.
Sandro Botticelli
1445–1510
Renowned Florentine painter, patronized by the de Medici's. Painted 'The Birth of Venus' and 'Primavera'.
Leonardo da Vinci
1452–1519
One of the most brilliant men of any age, Leonardo was artist, inventor, engineer, and scientist.
Albrecht Durer
1471–1528
German painter from Nuremburg best known for his early printings, and associate with the Reformation.
Michelangelo
1475–1564
Great sculptor and painter of the Renaissance. Works included David, the Pieta, and Sistine Chapel
Raphael Santi
1483–1520
Florentine painter of the High Renaissance. Contemporary of de Vinci and Michelangelo.
Peter Paul Rubens
1577–1640
Seventeenth century Flemish painter, well known for portraits and historical paintings.

Literary Arts

Dante Alighieri
1265–1321
Poet who wrote his masterpiece The Inferno in Italian. It became universally known.
Francesco Petrarch
1304–1374
Renaissance poet and writer who republished and popularized many Roman and Greek classics.
Niccolo Machiavelli
1469–1527
Italian Diplomat famous for 'The Prince', a political treatise advocating deceipt and ruthless pursuit of power.

Timeline—Arts and Culture

Artists of the Early Renaissance (1300-1480)

Artists of the High Renaissance (1480-1580)

Baroque Artists(1580-1700)

Composers and Musicians

Literary Arts


Recommended Reading—Arts and Culture

Read chapters from "core" texts before reviewing study questions.


Book Title
Selected Chapters (# chapters)

Core Reading Assignments

Tappan - When Knights Were Bold    (entire book)  
Macgregor - Stories from Dante    (entire book)  

Supplemental Recommendations

Steedman - Knights of Art    entire book
Baldwin - The Story of Roland    entire book
Baldwin - The Story of Siegfried    entire book
Upton - The Nibelungs    entire book
Church - Stories of Charlemagne    entire book

Easy Reading Selections

Evans - Old Time Tales    (entire book)  
Marshall - Stories of Roland    (entire book)  
Macgregor - Stories of Siegfried    (entire book)