Rome's Latin allies remained faithful to her, but most of the rest of Italy revolted and declared themselves a new country, named Italia. The contestants in this war had fought side by side in Roman armies, and had Roman equipment, training, and leadership skills. The war, therefore was short, and there were numerous skirmishes but few pitched battles, the main two being Tolenus, a Roman loss, and a battle during the siege of Asculum, a Roman victory which resulted in the fall of an important city of the Italian Allies. Instead of continuing to fight however, Rome made significant concessions, including the granting of Roman citizenship to selected towns, granting it as a reward for military service, and also granting it, in selected cases to other individuals who were willing to pay to travel to Rome in order to vote. These concessions effectively satisfied the Italians and hostilities ceased.
|Battle of Tolenus
Fought B.C. 90, between the Romans, under Lupus, and the revolted Marsians. Lupus was attacked while crossing the Tolenus, and totally routed with a loss of 8,000 men.
|Battle of Asculum
Fought B.C. 89, between 75,000 Romans under Strabo, who was besieging the town, and 60,000 Italians under Judacilius, who had marched to its relief. The Romans were victorious, but Judacilius succeeded in throwing a considerable portion of his army into the beleaguered city.
|Defeated Mithradates in Greece. Marched on Rome, defeated the party of his enemy Marius.|
|Leading Roman general during the Social War.|
|Social War in||The Story of the Romans by H. A. Guerber|
|Sulla Enters Rome with His Troops in||The Story of Rome by Mary Macgregor|